The Wesleyan Methodist Church

also recognized and known as an Independent Methodist Christian Denomination or Church

® © 


 DR. D. CLARK, M. D.
 Science is a systematic presentation of truth. Theology is the most
 important of all sciences. It is the science that treats of God and of
 man in his relation to God. It is a systematic presentation of revealed
 truth. As the basis of Astronomy is the universe of worlds revealed by
 the telescope, and as the basis of Geology is the crust of the earth,
 so the basis of Theology is the Divine revelation found in the Holy
 Scriptures. The Theology of Entire Sanctification, therefore, is a
 systematic presentation of the doctrine of entire sanctification as
 derived from the written word of God. Such a presentation we hope--with
 the help of the Holy Spirit, which we here and now earnestly invoke--to
 attempt to give in this book. May God bless the endeavor, and overrule
 our human weakness, to the glory of His Name. Amen.
 It is a lamentable fact that there is a large class of Christians to
 whom the subject of entire sanctification is a matter of indifference.
 They hope, with or without sufficient reason, that their sins are
 forgiven. They propose to live moral and useful lives, and trust, again
 with or without sufficient reason, that they will go to heaven when
 they die. The subject of holiness does not interest them. They suppose
 themselves to be doing well enough without it.
 There are others claiming to be Christians, to whom the subject is even
 positively distasteful. It is an offence to them. They do not want to
 hear it preached. They regard those who claim it as cranks. They look
 upon holiness meetings as being hotbeds of delusion and spiritual
 pride. They turn away from the whole subject not only with
 indifference, but with disdain.
 There are still others, and these God's children, as we may charitably
 believe, who do not even regard holiness as a desirable thing. They
 assert that it is needful and salutary to retain some sin in the heart
 as long as we live, in order to keep us humble. It is true that they
 are never able to tell how much sin it takes to have this beneficial
 effect, but a certain amount they are bent on having.
 Another class takes the opposite view. They regard holiness as very
 desirable, and a very lovely thing to gaze upon and think upon, but
 they also regard it as quite impossible of attainment. They hope to
 grow towards it all the days of their lives, and to get it at the
 moment of death. Not sooner than the dying hour, do they believe any
 human being can be made holy. Not till death is separating the soul
 from the body can even God Himself separate sin from the soul. The
 whole doctrine of entire sanctification, therefore, they regard as a
 beautiful theory, but wholly impossible as an experience, and wholly
 impracticable as a life.
 In general terms, we may say that carnal Christians, as described by
 Paul in I. Corinthians 3:1-4, are opposed to the doctrine of entire
 sanctification. "The carnal mind is enmity against God," and the
 carnal mind is irreconcilably opposed to holiness. This opposition may
 take one of the forms already described, or, possibly, some other forms
 which have been overlooked, but the root of the hostility is the same
 in all. Wherever "our old man" has his home in a Christian's heart,
 there entire sanctification will be rejected.
 But we must not forget that there are many exceptions. There are
 thousands of sincere, believing hearts in all Christian denominations,
 in whom inbred sin still exists, but not with the consent of the will.
 They are tired--very tired of the tyrant that rules them, or of the
 ceaseless struggles by which, with God's added and assisting grace,
 they are enabled to keep him under. They long for deliverance. They are
 hungering for full salvation, and rejoice to hear the message of entire
 sanctification through the baptism with the Holy Ghost and fire. The
 Lord bless all these hungering multitudes, and give them the desire of
 their hearts by saving them to the uttermost, and may their numbers be
 vastly increased, so that the banner of Christ's church may everywhere
 be unfurled--the banner on which is inscribed the glorious motto of
 Holiness to the Lord.
 Now we meet all objections to the doctrine of entire sanctification--
 whether in the form of indifference, or dislike, or undesirableness,
 or impossibility--with the simple proposition, It is necessary. If this
 proposition can be established, all objections, of whatever character,
 must fall to the ground, and the eager cry of every Christian heart
 must be, How can I obtain that priceless blessing which is essential to
 my eternal bliss, which is indispensable, and without which I shall
 never see the Lord?
 For this is the language of the Holy Ghost in Heb. 12:14, "Follow peace
 with all men, and holiness without which no man shall see the Lord,"
 and in the Revised Version, "Follow after peace with all men, and the
 sanctification without which no man shall see the Lord." This can mean
 nothing short of entire sanctification, or the removal of inbred sin.
 And, surely, it is hardly necessary to argue the question as to the
 indispensableness of this blessed experience, in order to gain an
 entrance into heaven. Everyone will admit that God Himself is a
 perfectly and absolutely holy Being, and He has ever told His followers
 in all ages, "Be ye holy for I am holy"--making His own perfect and
 entire holiness the sufficient reason for requiring the same quality
 in His people. And, although the holiness of the highest created being
 will always fall infinitely short of that of the Infinite God, as
 regards quantity, it will be the same <i>in quality</i>, for Jesus
 tells us, "Be ye perfect even as your Father in heaven is perfect,"
 not, of course, with the unmeasurable amount of perfection which
 appertains to Him, but with the same kind of perfection so far as it
 goes. And again in Rev. 21:27, we are told that "There shall in no wise
 enter into it" (the heavenly city) "anything that defileth, neither
 whatsoever worketh abomination or maketh a lie." Heaven is a holy
 place, and occupied with none but holy inhabitants.
 But if holiness of heart is a necessity in order that we may reach the
 blissful abode of the glory land, when is this stupendous blessing to
 be obtained? It is by no means, thoughtlessly, that I write obtained
 and not attained. It is very generally spoken of as an attainment, and
 this form of expression has a tendency to discourage the seeker by
 magnifying the difficulty of receiving this blessing. The thought
 contained in the word attainment is that of something earnestly striven
 for, struggled after, persistently pursued with much labor and toil and
 effort, until, at last, the coveted prize is attained. A very few of
 the multitudes who went to California, soon after gold was discovered
 there, attained fortune; but it was after years of hard labor and
 privation and hardship. The majority died on the way, or while mining
 for the precious metal, or returned as poor as they went.
 On the other hand, the idea of an obtainment is simply that of a gift.
 And entire sanctification is precisely a gift, "merely this and nothing
 more." It is not received by struggle, nor effort, nor merit of our
 own; it is not a great and laborious enterprise to be undertaken; not
 the fruit of a long journey or a perilous voyage; not by doing, nor
 trying, nor suffering, nor resolving, nor achieving, but by stretching
 out the hand of faith and taking. Praise the Lord.
 And, therefore, we ask again when is this indispensable gift to be
 obtained? The Roman Catholic and the Restorationist answer, in
 purgatorial fire, or in some kind of a second probation after death.
 But the Holy Scriptures tell us absolutely nothing either of a
 purgatory or a post-mortem probation. On the contrary, they clearly
 teach us that our destiny for all eternity is to be determined in one
 probation, which is allotted to us in the present life. Let no one
 suppose, for a moment, that he can be made fit for heaven at any time,
 nor in any place, nor by any means, after he has left this mundane
 sphere. "Behold, now is the accepted time; behold, now is the day of
 But all the Calvinistic churches by their creeds, and also a large
 portion of the membership of Arminian denominations, without regard to
 their creeds, if asked when are we to obtain entire sanctification as
 an essential meetness for heaven, would answer, at death. The
 prevailing idea on this subject, among Christian believers, seems to be
 as follows: First, through repentance toward God and faith toward our
 Lord Jesus Christ, we are converted. Our past sins are pardoned, and we
 are born again. After that, our sole business is to grow in grace, and
 by this growth to approach nearer and nearer to the standard of entire
 sanctification, but never even suppose that we can reach that standard
 until the moment of death.
 Now, grace is the gift of God, and we cannot, possibly, grow in grace
 until we receive it. And we can never grow into grace, but grow in it
 after we get it. We can grow, it is true, in the grace of justification
 to a limited degree and for a limited time. The degree is limited
 because of the presence of inbred sin, which is the great, if indeed,
 not the only hindrance of growth. The time is limited in most cases, at
 least, because if the justified Christian is brought to see the need
 and the possibility of entire sanctification, and yet fails, as so many
 do, to enter into the blessing, because of unbelief, he is very prone
 either to backslide, in which case, of course, there will be a
 cessation of growth, or, like the Galatians, he will submit to the
 bondage of legalism, and after having begun in the Spirit, he will seek
 to be perfected in the flesh; in which case Paul's verdict to that
 beloved church was not ye are growing in grace, but, "ye are fallen
 from grace."
 It is plain, therefore, that we can never grow into the blessing of
 entire sanctification. That blessing is to be received by faith, as the
 gift of God in Christ Jesus and through the Holy Spirit; and when the
 grace has once been obtained in this manner, then we can grow in it
 indefinitely and for a lifetime, possibly even for an eternity. Growth
 in grace is a most blessed thing in its right place, and when rightly
 understood and experienced, but it can never bring us to the death of
 the old man, nor to the experience of entire sanctification.
 And as growth cannot do this, neither can death. Death is nowhere
 mentioned in Scripture as a sanctifier. Death can separate the soul
 from the body, but to separate sin from the soul is a work which God
 can only do. Jesus Christ is our sanctification, and the Holy Spirit is
 our sanctifier, and even if the work is performed in the article of
 death, it is still the Holy Spirit and not death that performs it. And
 if He can perform it in the hour and article of death, where is the
 hindrance to His performing it a week, a month, a year, or forty years
 before death--if only the conditions are fulfilled on our part. Do we
 say that He cannot perform it before death; then where is His
 omnipotence? Do we say that He will not do it before death; then where
 is His own holiness? In either case, we dishonor God and rob ourselves
 of an inestimable and indispensable blessing. God save us from such
 Scripture, reason and experience, therefore, all unite in the sentiment
 that entire sanctification is to be sought and obtained now, and if
 now, then it is to be obtained instantaneously, and if instantaneously
 and now, it follows, also, that it is to be obtained by faith, and from
 these premises the further conclusion is logically deducible, that we
 cannot make ourselves any better in order to receive it, but that we
 must take it as we are. And so we arrive at and adopt the pithy precept
 of John Wesley, "Expect it by faith--expect it as you are--expect it
 In these remarks we have necessarily anticipated some things which
 belong more accurately to the next chapter; but we are not seeking so
 much for a perfectly methodical arrangement, as for a clear and
 Scriptural presentation of the subject. And we proceed to affirm now
 that entire sanctification is not only essential as the condition of
 entering heaven, but that it is also necessary for the highest results
 of the Christian life on earth. It is not only an indispensable
 blessing to die by, but, if we would fulfill our Father's will in this
 world, it is indispensable to live by.
 But before leaving entirely the subject of growth in grace, having
 demonstrated, as we trust, that we can never grow into entire
 sanctification, we ought, perhaps, to explain what we mean by the
 statement that we can grow indefinitely in that precious grace after,
 and not before, we receive it. Entire sanctification has two sides or
 aspects. It has a positive side and a negative side. Its negative side
 is the removal of inbred sin, and is, therefore, a matter of
 subtraction. And herein, we may remark in passing, is a characteristic
 difference between entire sanctification and regeneration. The latter
 is a matter of addition, because it implies the impartation of a new
 life to the soul which has hitherto been "dead in trespasses and sins."
 Now in this negative aspect of entire sanctification there can be no
 growth. If a heart is pure it cannot be more pure. If it is free from
 sin it cannot be more free from sin. An empty vessel, as some one has
 said, cannot be more empty. There can be no increase in purity.
 But the positive side of entire sanctification is perfect love, and
 this is a relative expression. It does not mean that all who possess it
 must have an equal amount of love. Perfect love to each individual is
 just his own heart--not some one else's heart--being filled with love.
 One individual may have a greater capacity of loving than another, just
 as he may have a greater capacity of seeing or of working. Perfect love
 in a child would not be perfect love in a man; and perfect love in a
 man would not be perfect love in an angel. And perfect love may
 increase in the same individual so that what is perfect love today may
 not be perfect love to-morrow. As we commune with God and work with
 Him, as we get more and more acquainted with Christ and With the Holy
 Spirit, and see more of the infinite attractions of the Triune God, how
 is it possible that we should not love Him more and more? "There will
 never be a time in earth nor in Heaven," says the late Dr. Upham, "when
 there may not be an increase of holy love." On the positive side of
 entire sanctification, then, there may be and will be growth
 indefinitely and everlastingly. And this is the true growth in grace,
 about which much more could be said, but we leave it for the present,
 to resume our main theme of the necessity of entire sanctification in
 this life as well as the life to come.
 We make a definite statement as follows, viz: No Christian can do all
 that God would have him do, nor enjoy all that God would have him enjoy
 in this world, without the grace of entire sanctification. In the
 beautiful language of metaphor the Saviour says, "I am the true Vine
 and My Father is the husbandman. Every branch in Me that beareth not
 fruit He taketh away, and every branch in Me that beareth fruit He
 purgeth it that it may bring forth more fruit." And again, "Herein is
 My Father glorified that ye bear much fruit: so shall ye be My
 disciples." Now the abundant fruit requires for its production the
 abundant life, and these are both found in the Lord Jesus Christ. "I am
 come," says He, "that ye might have life (in regeneration) and that ye
 might have it more abundantly" (in entire sanctification). The abundant
 life and the abundant fruit, therefore, can only be found in connection
 with purity of heart.
 It is doubtless <i>true</i> that every living branch, that is to say,
 every justified and regenerated believer, may and should and must, if
 he would retain his religion, bring forth some fruit. And it is
 precisely these branches that are bearing fruit, whom the Great
 Husbandman "purges"--sanctifies--that they may bring forth the more
 abundant fruit by which He Himself shall be glorified. And here we
 might rest our case with a Q. E. D., but another remark or two will be
 in place.
 The late Lord Tennyson could perceive, with the genius of a poet, the
 intimate connection between purity and power. He puts into the mouth of
 Sir Galahad, one of his heroes, these beautiful words, viz:
 "My strength is as the strength of ten,
 Because my heart is pure."
 Now one of the most common complaints among Christians of all
 denominations, is because of their weakness and their leanness. And yet
 nothing is clearer than that God has promised to make His people
 strong, that He has commanded them to be strong in the Lord, and that
 not to be strong is even blameworthy, not to say criminal in His sight.
 The reason, then, of our weakness and our leanness and the meagerness
 of our fruitage, can be nothing else than because we do not fulfill the
 conditions on which He promises to make us strong. One of these
 conditions, and an indispensable one, is that we be entirely
 sanctified. It is they that know their God, both in conversion and
 entire sanctification, both in pardon and purity, that shall "be strong
 and do exploits." Beloved, if you would accomplish the work that God
 has given you to do, and not have to regret its non-accomplishment in
 eternity, even if you are saved so as by fire, seek and find that which
 is the essential condition, and ask at once to be wholly sanctified.
 And if you would have the fullness of joy, even the joy of an uttermost
 salvation, the peace that passeth understanding, the fellowship with
 the Father and with His son, Jesus Christ, the sealing and anointing of
 the Spirit, the white stone and the new name, the abiding presence of
 the indwelling Comforter, then pray that the very God of Peace may here
 and now sanctify you wholly. Amen.
 This would seem to follow as a necessary corollary from what has been
 said in the preceding chapter. If entire sanctification has been proved
 to be not a matter of option but a matter of necessity; if we cannot
 attain to the highest results in Christian privilege, nor in Christian
 enjoyment, nor in Christian service without this blessed experience,
 and if, at the end, we cannot be admitted into the celestial city
 unless we possess it, surely we cannot doubt for a moment that our
 gracious Heavenly Father has provided a way by which this indispensable
 requisite both for time and for eternity may be received.
 But before discussing this proposition in detail let us have a clear
 understanding of what is meant by entire sanctification, and, as a
 preliminary, let us study a few simple theological definitions.
 In the first place, my reader will have no difficulty in believing that
 I fully accept the Arminian doctrine of the universality of the
 atonement. The sacrifice of Christ is sufficient for the salvation of
 all mankind, and its benefits are offered to all. "He tasted death for
 every man." But it does not follow that all men will be saved, and this
 for the reason that the atonement is not unconditional but conditional.
 It is offered to all, and all are invited and entreated to accept it.
 But it is available only in the case of those who believe. "He that
 believeth shall be saved, and he that believeth not shall be
 condemned." A universal atonement, therefore, does not by any means
 imply a universal salvation.
 Redemption is a term of broad and varied application. It is either
 general or special. In one sense it is as broad as atonement. Atonement
 is for sin; redemption is from sin and from all the sad results of sin.
 In its more special meaning it is applicable only to those who accept
 the atonement. For these it implies release from the bondage of the
 will under the law of sin and death, or justification and regeneration.
 It brings also release from the power and existence of depravity or
 entire sanctification. It promises, in the future, the complete
 glorification of the saints in body, soul and spirit at God's right
 hand, and the deliverance of the creation itself from the "bondage of
 corruption into the liberty of the glory of the children of God."
 The first condition on which the benefits of the atonement are offered
 to the sinner is repentance. Both the Saviour Himself and His
 forerunner began their public ministry with words of like import, viz:
 "Repent ye and believe the gospel." Repentance does not mean penance--
 not a voluntary sacrifice in our own will for an expiation of sin--nor
 is it merely sorrow for our past sins, although "godly sorrow" is one
 of the elements of true repentance. The sorrow of the world may produce
 remorse, that continual biting which tortures the soul of the lost; but
 remorse is not repentance, and the sorrow of the world worketh not life
 but death. True repentance involves a change of mind, a change of
 purpose, a change of will, and implies not only a godly sorrow for sin
 --sorrow not only because the sin has resulted in physical or mental or
 financial or reputational disaster--but because it has grieved the
 Spirit of our God; and it implies not only sorrow for our sin but the
 determination to forsake it as well. It is the afterthought, and
 involves both regret for what we have done and the purpose to do so no
 The next, and specially indispensable, condition for receiving the
 benefits of the atonement is faith. This means nothing more nor less
 than taking God at His word. We are assured that without faith it is
 impossible to please God, for he that cometh to God must believe "that
 He is, and that He is a rewarder of them that diligently seek Him."
 "Faith is the substance of things hoped for," because it makes them
 real. It is "the evidence of things not seen" because it convinces the
 mind of their actual existence. It is true that all men believe
 something, and, therefore, that all men have faith. It is not true that
 all men believe God, and, therefore, not true that all men have saving
 And here we must make a distinction. Faith is often said to be the gift
 of God, and in the sense of the grace of faith, or the power of
 believing, this is true. But the act of faith is the actual exercise of
 the power of believing, which God has given us. It involves the putting
 forth of the choosing power of the human will, that we may accept the
 salvation which is offered us. God has given to us all the faith
 faculty, just as He has given to us the seeing faculty. In the one
 case, as in the other, we are responsible for the exercise of the
 faculty thus given. The proper object of the seeing faculty is the
 world around us, with all its multiplicity of existences. We may open
 our eyes and see or we may close them and fail to see. The proper
 object of the faith faculty is truth, and especially gospel truth, the
 truth of salvation through a crucified and risen Lord. We may exercise
 our believing power and accept this great salvation or we may close our
 faith-eyes, and fail to see and believe, and this to our eternal loss.
 For God commands us to believe and holds us responsible for obedience
 to that as to all other of His commands. The fact of the command
 involves the power to obey. Our will, therefore, our choosing power,
 must be put on the believing side, and not on the side of unbelief. It
 is not that we are required to believe without evidence. It is that our
 depraved hearts are not willing to believe when the evidence is ample.
 And, therefore, our eternal destiny is made to hinge on our obedience
 to the positive command, "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ." The great
 and crying sin of our fallen humanity is unbelief. It is this that has
 sundered us, as a race, from our union with God, and it is faith which
 is to be the bond by which we may again be reunited to Him. "He that
 believeth not the Son is condemned already."
 Repentance and faith are the conditions on which God promises to give
 us the grace of justification. This is pardon for all our past sins.
 God, for Christ's sake, looks upon us as though we had not sinned. He
 accounts us just, for Jesus' sake, although we are not just in reality.
 And herein it is that gospel justification differs from legal
 justification. The individual who is accused of crime and who is
 brought into court and determined, by a jury of his peers, not to be
 guilty, is at once acquitted and released from all penalty. He is
 justified solely on the ground of his innocence. But no man ever has
 been or ever will be justified in the court of heaven on the ground of
 his innocence. Every responsible human being has broken the law of God.
 "All have sinned and come short of the glory of God." And none of those
 who have broken the law can be justified by the law, that is to say,
 not one. The law justifies those, and those only, who keep it. None of
 us have kept it, not one of the race of men save only the man Christ
 Jesus. The law condemns all those who break it. All the race of men
 have broken it save only the man Christ Jesus. Therefore, all are under
 condemnation. But condemnation is incompatible with justification.
 Therefore, again, "by the deeds of the law shall no flesh be
 Are we not, then, in an absolutely hopeless condition? We should be so
 but for Christ. But, blessed be God, "He hath found a ransom." "All we
 like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way,
 and the Lord hath laid on Him the iniquity of us all." Jesus Christ
 "Himself bore our sins in His own body on the tree." And so it comes to
 pass that we can be freely justified by His grace, not because of our
 innocence but because He bore the penalty in our stead. He took the
 place which was rightfully ours and that is on the cross. He procured
 for us the place which was and is rightfully His, and that is at God's
 right hand. He suffered what we deserved, and by that very suffering He
 made us partakers of what He deserves. Glory forever to His Holy Name!
 By the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, therefore, justice is
 satisfied, and the penalty of the broken law is removed. God is
 infinitely merciful, but He is also infinitely just. He loves the
 sinner with a boundless love, but He hates the sin with a boundless
 hate. He is of purer eyes than to behold iniquity, and will not look
 upon sin with the smallest degree of allowance. His mercy and His love
 may compassionate the sinner, but this will be of no avail so long as
 His justice is against him. "Shall not the Judge of all the earth do
 But in the marvelous plan of salvation by a crucified and risen Lord,
 both the attributes of mercy and justice are enlisted on behalf of the
 sinner. The mercy of God pardons Him, the justice of God justifies Him,
 and all for Jesus' sake. "Mercy and truth have met together,
 righteousness and peace have kissed each other." "God can be just and
 the justifier of him that believeth in Jesus." "If we confess our sins
 He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins." And in accordance with
 the way of salvation which He Himself has devised, we can now plead
 with Him that He would be unjust not to forgive us when we have
 complied with these conditions. And so we arrive at the conclusion that
 justification is an act of God's grace by which our sins are pardoned
 for the sake of Jesus Christ. And this act is instantaneous. God does
 not pardon sins gradually, nor one at a time, nor by piecemeal, but to
 every one who repents and believes, He utters the gracious language,
 "Thy sins, which are many, are all forgiven thee." As if by a single
 stroke of the recording angel's pen, the whole dark record is blotted
 out forever. "As far as the east is from the west so far hath He
 removed our transgressions from us." Glory.
 Regeneration is a work of grace which always accompanies justification.
 God does not justify a sinner without, at the same time, giving him a
 new life. This new life is a spiritual life imparted to the soul, which
 before was dead in trespasses and sins, by the Divine energy of the
 Holy Ghost. If a sinner should be pardoned, without, at the same time,
 receiving a new nature, he would inevitably fall into sin again. His
 lifetime on earth would be spent in sinning and repenting. But our
 merciful Father having for Christ's sake looked upon him as just and
 righteous, when he was not so in reality, now bestows upon him a new
 nature which is just and righteous. He makes him a partaker, indeed, of
 the Divine nature, and that is a nature which is holy and just and
 good. And this is the new birth. Men may be full of physical life and
 of intellectual life, but until they are born from above they are
 totally destitute of spiritual life. Regeneration, therefore, is that
 act of God's grace by which we are born again.
 Adoption is the reception of the newly justified and regenerated
 believer into the family of God. No longer enemies, nor even strangers
 and foreigners, those who have accepted Christ as their Saviour, now
 receive the adoption of sons. They become the children of God by faith
 in Jesus Christ. This is their pedigree and they rejoice to declare it.
 A human governor or ruler may pardon a guilty criminal, and grant him a
 reprieve, but he never takes him into his own family. He may forgive
 the guilty one, but he cannot bestow upon him a new nature, nor can he
 consent to recognize him as a brother or a son. But God not only
 remits the sins of those whom He saves, He not only delivers them from
 wrath and from punishment, but He gives them a new nature by which they
 can respond to His love, and He takes them into His own household as
 children and heirs, yea, as joint heirs with Jesus Christ. "Ye are all
 the children of God by faith in Jesus Christ."
 The witness of the Spirit is something not easily defined, but it is
 well known by those who experience it. It is an impression or
 consciousness wrought into the mind of the believer by the Holy Ghost,
 which gives him the satisfactory assurance that he is a child of God.
 Before this, he believes, now he knows. This witness, therefore,
 expels doubt and infuses into the heart of the new-born child of God, a
 calm, definite and indisputable persuasion that all is now right
 between himself and his Heavenly Father. "The Spirit Himself beareth
 witness with our spirit that we are the children of God." "Ye have
 received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father." "And
 because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of His Son into
 your hearts, crying, Abba, Father."
 Now the graces that have been mentioned, namely, justification,
 regeneration, adoption and the witness of the Spirit, are all received
 co-instantaneously. They always accompany each other, and whoever has
 one of them has them all. The witness of the Spirit, it is true, is not
 always a constant experience. It may be intermittent, but,
 nevertheless, whenever it is present, it accompanies or attends the
 other experiences to which we have alluded. And we may add that all
 these graces are but different aspects of the same salvation and are
 properly and conveniently designated, in common language, by the single
 term conversion, which term, therefore, must be understood to include
 and imply justification, regeneration, adoption and the witness of the
 Spirit. It is proper, also, in this connection to remark that
 conversion is always a definite and instantaneous event, and never a
 prolonged process. Just so certainly as every human being that comes
 into this world has a definite, natural birthday, so every one that
 comes into the kingdom of God has a definite, spiritual birthday. Some
 people do not know when their natural birthday occurs, nevertheless,
 they know that they have been born. Some Christians do not know when
 their spiritual birthday occurs. Nevertheless, they know that they
 have been born again. Conversion is the crossing of a definite line
 out of Satan's kingdom into God's kingdom. There is no half-way ground,
 there is no neutral territory, there is no place where a man can
 truthfully say, I am neither converted nor unconverted. One moment he
 is out of the ark of safety, the next moment he is in it.
 Entire sanctification is an act of God's grace by which inbred sin is
 removed and the heart made holy. Inbred sin or inherited depravity is
 the inward cause of which our outward sins are the effects. It is the
 bitter root of which actual sins are the bitter fruits. It is the
 natural evil tendency of the human heart in our fallen condition. It is
 the being of sin which lies back of the doing of sin. It is that within
 us which says No, to God, and Yes, to Satan. It exists in every human
 being that comes into the world as a bias or proclivity to evil. It is
 called in the New Testament, the flesh, the body of sin, our old man,
 sin that dwelleth in me, and the simple term sin in the singular
 number. In the Old Testament it is called sin and iniquity. "Behold,"
 says David, "I was shapen in iniquity and in sin did my mother conceive
 me." And when the Seraph brought the live coal and laid it upon the
 mouth of Isaiah, the prophet, his words were, "Lo, this hath touched
 thy lips and thine iniquity is taken away and thy sin purged."
 Now all Christian denominations are agreed as to the real existence of
 this inbred sin and also as to the fact that it is not removed at
 conversion. "This infection of nature doth remain," says the Anglican
 Confession, "yea, even in them that have been regenerated." Most church
 creeds, indeed, give no reason to expect, and most Christian believers
 do not expect to be rid of sin till near or in the hour of death. And
 it is regarded as serious heresy in some quarters for a man to either
 preach or claim that the blood of Jesus Christ does really cleanse from
 all sin.
 But God has in every age and in every dispensation required His
 children to be holy. And to be holy signifies the destruction or
 removal of inbred sin, nothing more and nothing less and nothing else
 than that. How this is accomplished will be discussed further on, but
 here we say that the removal of innate depravity is entire
 sanctification, and that God has most surely made provision in the
 atonement of Jesus Christ for the removal of innate depravity.
 Therefore, He has made provision for entire sanctification, and,
 therefore again, this wondrous grace is obtainable. Inbred sin goes
 back to the fall of man in the garden of Eden. If not as old as the
 human race, it is at least as old as the fall. Since sin entered
 through the beguiling of our mother, Eve, by the serpent, inbred sin
 has existed as a unit of evil in every child of Adam and Eve. The only
 exception is the man, Christ Jesus, the God man, the Divine man, the
 promised seed that should bruise the serpent's head. But as He, the
 Lord Jesus Christ, was manifested to destroy the works of the devil,
 and as inbred sin is one of the works of the devil, therefore its
 destruction is provided for in the atonement, and, therefore, still
 again, entire sanctification is obtainable.
 The simplest meaning of the word sanctify is to separate or to devote
 to sacred uses. It has this signification nearly always in the Old
 Testament and in a few passages in the New. In other words, whatever is
 consecrated is sanctified in this limited sense. But from the primary
 meaning is easily derived its secondary and prominent meaning, of
 separation from all sin, inward as well as outward, and this is what
 Paul calls being sanctified wholly. It is entire sanctification as
 distinguished from partial sanctification. This latter appertains to
 all Christians, and is technically so used in the New Testament. The
 former is the experience of those, and those only, from whom inbred sin
 has been removed.
 For the first twenty-five centuries after the creation of man, he was
 without a written law. So far, at least, as the descendants of Seth are
 concerned, the government, during those early times, seems to have been
 patriarchal. The father of a family retained his authority over his
 children and his children's children so long as he lived, and when he
 died, the branch families did not separate, but continued their
 allegiance to some other patriarch, usually the eldest son of the
 former. A number of families under their respective patriarchs
 constituted a tribe, and from the family patriarchs was selected a
 prince for the whole tribe. Among the antediluvian patriarchs were
 Adam, Seth, Enoch and Noah. Those after the flood were Noah, Abraham,
 Isaac, Jacob and each of the twelve sons of Jacob. After Jacob's death,
 it is most likely that Joseph acted, in some sense, as the prince of
 the tribe during his lifetime. Then came slavery and oppression and
 deliverance through Moses, and the giving of the law.
 As God's revelation to man has been progressive, first just a few
 faint streaks of light that usher in the dawn, then broad daylight and
 sunrise, and finally the meridian splendor of the noontide, we are not
 to expect, in these early times, the full and distinct teaching on the
 subject of holiness, which we find in the Mosaic law, in the writings
 of the prophets, and especially and super-eminently in the New
 Testament. The word holy does not occur in the book of Genesis, and the
 word sanctify is found only once, where Jehovah blessed the seventh day
 and sanctified it.
 And yet there are, even in these patriarchal times, several narratives
 of extreme interest, which give us glimpses, at least, of the purpose
 of God that His people should be holy, and we even find intimations of
 His method of sanctification, by conferring it as a second experience
 upon His already saved children, as is so clearly revealed in the New
 "And Enoch walked with God; and he was not, for God took him." Such is
 the record in Genesis, but when we turn to the eleventh of Hebrews, the
 faith chapter, we find that "by faith Enoch was translated that he
 should not see death; and was not found because God had translated him,
 for; before his translation, he had this testimony that he pleased
 God." Now, if Enoch, even amid the wickedness of antediluvian ages,
 walked with God and pleased God, and was translated that he should not
 see death, there surely can be no reasonable doubt that he was a holy
 man, an entirely sanctified man, and hence one whose sins had been
 washed away in the blood of the lamb, that was "slain from the
 foundation of the world."
 "Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations; and Noah walked
 with God." The prophet Amos exclaims most pertinently, "Can two walk
 together unless they be agreed?" It is certain, therefore, that God and
 Noah were agreed, but God, who is infinitely pure and holy, can never
 be agreed with any person or anything that is unholy. Hence, whatever
 may be the proper signification of the word perfect, as applied to
 God's children in Old Testament times, we can scarcely avoid the
 conclusion that Noah was a holy man, an entirely sanctified man, and
 this notwithstanding his subsequent error in regard to drinking too
 much wine, of whose ill effects we may, charitably, suppose he may have
 been, up to the time of this sad experience, ignorant.
 Abraham dwelt with his father, Terah, who was an idolater, in Ur of the
 Chaldees, when he received the call of God to go entirely away from
 his kindred and his father's house, and depart into a land of
 separation, a land which the Lord would show him. He obeyed the call,
 and this typifies conversion. He went out not knowing whither he went,
 but only knowing that the Lord was leading him. At his first move, he
 was accompanied by his father. And he came out of his native land, it
 is true, but not yet into the promised land. "He came to Haran and
 dwelt there," or to give the record in full, "And Terah took Abraham,
 his son, and Lot, the son of Haran, his son's son, and Sarai, his
 daughter-in-law, his son Abram's wife, and they went forth with them
 from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came
 unto Haran and dwelt there."
 Continuing the account in his dying oration, the martyr Stephen says,
 "And from thence when his father was dead, he removed him into this
 land, wherein ye now dwell," but in Genesis the statement is, "And
 Abram took Sarai, his wife, and Lot, his brother's son, and all their
 substance that they had gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in
 Haran, and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan, and into the
 land of Canaan they came." The last tie of nature was sundered when the
 old man died, and then Abram took the second step, which brought him
 into the promised land. There are two distinct stages in his experience
 before he reached the place, which God designed him to occupy. And
 these we may as well regard as typical, if nothing more, of the first
 experience under the gospel--that of regeneration--and of the second
 experience as well, which is entire sanctification.
 In the history of Abraham, a very beautiful and mysterious episode
 occurs, and that is the story of his transient but highly important
 meeting with Melchizedek, after his successful expedition against the
 kings, who had despoiled Sodom and carried away his nephew, Lot. The
 sacred narrative is as follows, viz.: "And Melchizedek, king of Salem,
 brought forth bread and wine, and he was the priest of the Most High
 God. And he blessed him and said, Blessed be Abram of the Most High
 God, possessor of heaven and earth; and blessed be the Most High God,
 which hath delivered thine enemies into thine hand. And he gave him
 tithes of all." No other mention is made of Melchizedek until David
 writes the 110th Psalm, and this was nearly one thousand years after
 Abraham. The Psalmist writing by inspiration, and alluding beyond all
 reasonable doubt to the Messiah, says, "The Lord hath sworn and will
 not repent, Thou art a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek."
 And then, again, the inspired record drops Melchizedek out of sight,
 as it were, for another thousand years, and then once more brings him
 to the front in the Epistle to the Hebrews, where he is described in
 glowing language as "first being by interpretation King of
 righteousness, and after that, also, King of Salem, which is king of
 peace; without father, without mother, without genealogy (R. V.) having
 neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like unto the son
 of God, abideth a priest continually."
 Comparing, then, the different allusions to this most remarkable
 personage, the following inferences seem fairly deducible therefrom:
 (1) Melchizedek, being made like unto the Son of God, is preeminently
 the Old Testament type of the Lord Jesus Christ in his kingly and
 priestly offices. Both Melchizedek and Christ are priests, and yet the
 former is not of the chosen family. He is a Canaanite. He is,
 unquestionably, greater than Abraham. Of his origin, his ancestry and
 his descendants, we have no account. He brought forth bread and wine.
 So did his antitype at the Last Supper. The priesthood of Melchizedek
 was before that of Aaron. Aaron was a Levite, and Levi paid tithes to
 Melchizedek in Abraham, his ancestor. And the author of the Epistle to
 the Hebrews argues most conclusively that since Melchizedek was without
 beginning or end, and greater than Abraham, and with a priesthood that
 existed centuries before the Levitical priesthood was instituted,
 therefore Christ, his great antitype, who is from everlasting to
 everlasting, and who hath an unchangeable priesthood, is to abolish the
 Aaronic priesthood, whose institution was for a temporary purpose, and
 was fulfilled when Christ came, who was a priest not after the order of
 Aaron because He belonged to another tribe, but a priest forever after
 the order of Melchizedek.
 But Melchizedek was not only a priest, he was also a king. And it was
 not only in his everlasting priesthood, but in his regal office also,
 that he was a type of the Messiah. David was a prophet and a king,
 Ezekiel was a prophet and a priest, Jesus, only, combined in His own
 person the three offices of prophet, priest and king.
 Now, if Melchizedek was priest of the Most High God, if he was greater
 than Abraham, if he was a type of Jesus Christ in His kingly and
 priestly offices, it is impossible not to regard him as a holy man. He
 was cleansed from all sin. He was sanctified wholly. He was made like
 unto the Son of God, and the Son of God is eternally holy. Praise His
 name. It is, surely, cause of devout thankfulness, that even in those
 primitive and patriarchal times, when the earth was full of wickedness
 and violence, that even then God had His witnesses to experimental and
 practical holiness.
 Before leaving this point of the eternal priesthood of Christ, let me
 remark that it was a sad day for His Church when the idea became
 prevalent, that ministers of the gospel are in any official sense to be
 regarded as priests. This serious error may have been derived, in part,
 from Judaism and, in part, from paganism. It has become incorporated in
 the creed of the Roman Catholic Church, and the Greek Church as well,
 and has been productive of the most disastrous results. Among the
 deliverances of the Council of Trent, held at intervals from 1545 to
 1564, and the last Council, which Romish authorities regard as of
 binding authority, are the following sentences, quoted by the late A.
 A. Hodge, in his Outlines of Theology: "Whereas, therefore, in the New
 Testament, the Catholic Church has received, from the institution of
 Christ, the holy, visible sacrifice of the Eucharist; it must needs,
 also, be confessed that there is, in that church, a new, visible and
 external priesthood, into which the old has been translated. And the
 sacred Scriptures show, and the traditions of the Catholic Church have
 always taught, that this priesthood was instituted by the same Lord,
 our Saviour, and that to the apostles, and their successors in the
 priesthood, was the power delivered of consecrating, offering and
 administering his body and blood, as, also, of forgiving and retaining
 It is to be feared that not all Protestants are entirely clear of this
 same idea of the priesthood of the ministry, and that, in thought, at
 least, many substitute this for the true priesthood, which appertains
 to all believers. Now, the office of a priest is to stand between God
 and man. He mediates, and this Jesus did both by propitiation and
 continues to do, forever, by intercession. "He ever liveth to make
 intercession for us." He "offered one sacrifice for sins forever." If
 He has an unchangeable priesthood, and has already offered Himself as a
 sacrifice, sufficient for the sins of all mankind, the benefits of
 which each and every one may obtain on the simple condition of
 repentance and faith, what possible need can there be of any human
 priesthood to come between God and the sinner? Says George Fox,
 "Friends, let nothing come between your souls and God, but Christ," and
 we say Amen.
 To sum up on this particular point, we may say that the ancient
 priesthood, both of Melchizedek, the Gentile, and of Aaron, the Jew,
 with his descendants, were nothing more than types; and a type can have
 no real existence after the antitype has come. Therefore, there is no
 place for a human priesthood under the Christian dispensation. We are
 taught in Holy Scripture that no one can come to God except through
 Christ, but we are also taught that all are invited, and all may come
 directly to Him. All the officers belonging to the New Testament
 Church, whether ministers, deacons, presbyters, bishops, elders, or
 even apostles, are described not as priests but "messengers, watchmen,
 heralds of salvation, teachers, rulers, overseers and shepherds." Their
 function is to preach the word, to teach, to rule, but never to
 mediate. It is clear, therefore, that ministers as such are not
 But we must not forget that, in a very important sense, all Christians
 are priests. But this is through Christ and in Christ, the one great
 and eternal High Priest. They are priests because they are in Christ.
 And not only priests, but kings as well. And not only kings and
 priests, but prophets as well. All these blessed privileges are theirs,
 solely by virtue of their union and fellowship with Christ, who, in a
 mystical and spiritual sense, makes them to be partakers of His own
 priesthood, His own royalty, and His own prophetic office.
 Thus we hear Peter exclaiming, under the inspiration of the Spirit,
 "But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a
 peculiar people."
 And again: "Ye also, as lively stones, are built up, a spiritual house,
 an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God
 by Jesus Christ." Precisely. If we are priests, we must perform the
 functions of a priest, and one of these functions is the offering of
 sacrifice. What, then, are the sacrifices which are to be offered by
 the Christian Priest? Certainly, not any expiatory or meritorious
 sacrifices. These are, forever, precluded by the fact that Christ hath
 offered one sacrifice for sins forever. Nothing can be added to, and
 nothing can be subtracted from, that infinite and all-sufficient
 The first sacrifice to be made by the Christian priest is the surrender
 of his own body, with all its appetites, organs and capabilities, to
 God. Listen to Paul.
 "I beseech you, therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye
 present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God,
 which is your reasonable service." Your bodies, because if you are
 Christians, you have already presented your hearts; your bodies,
 because through the body, too often temptation enters into the soul and
 leads it to actual sin. Your bodies, because of their wonderful
 mechanism and their equally wonderful activities. If surrendered to the
 Lord, He makes them the very thing they were originally designed to
 be, namely, the obedient servants of the soul, and the soul is already
 His own obedient servant, so that when the soul commands and the body
 obeys, both are working for God, and when the soul says Go, and the
 body runs hither and thither, both are going upon God's errands.
 It will be observed that the body is to be presented a living
 sacrifice, not a dead one. All its boundless activities are to be given
 up to God. The expression, no doubt, implies that the whole man,
 described by the apostle, with his inspired trichotomy, as spirit, soul
 and body are to be consecrated unto God, to be His, and His forever,
 and henceforth to be ready to be, to do, and to suffer all His blessed
 The command is yield yourselves, not a certain portion of your time,
 nor a certain portion of your money, nor a certain portion of your
 effort, nor your sins, nor your depraved appetites, nor your forbidden
 indulgences. You cannot consecrate your alcohol, nor your tobacco, nor
 your opium, nor your card-playing, nor your dancing, nor your theatre-
 going to God. He wants none of these things. All actual and known sins
 must be abandoned at conversion. Consecration is for a subsequent and a
 deeper work. None but a Christian believer can thus present his body
 unto the Lord. Sinners may repent, but Christians are enjoined to
 "yield themselves unto God, as those who are alive from the dead;" not
 as those who are "dead in trespasses and sins." Whatever surrender the
 sinner may and must make in order to be saved, the believer must make a
 deeper, fuller, more complete surrender, of a different character and
 for a different purpose. That purpose is that he may be wholly
 sanctified, filled with the Spirit, and used to the utmost extent of
 his capacity for the glory of God. Consecration means yielding
 yourselves unto God. When you yield yourself you yield everything else.
 All the details are included in the one surrender of yourself.
 And remember, also, that your consecration is not to God's service, not
 to His work, not to a life of obedience and sacrifice, not to the
 church, not to the Christian Endeavor, not to the Epworth League, not
 to any organization, not to the cause of God; it is to God Himself.
 "Yield yourselves unto God." It is, therefore, a personal transaction
 between a personal human being and a personal God. Your work, your
 obedience, your sacrifice, your right place and your allotted duty,
 will all follow in due time. The next sacrifice to be made by the
 Christian priest, is that of testimony and thanksgiving. "By Him,
 therefore," says the author of the Hebrews, "let us offer the sacrifice
 of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips, giving
 thanks to His Name."
 And the next priestly offering of the Christian is a holy life, for the
 inspired author goes on in the next verse, "But to do good, and to
 communicate forget not; for with such sacrifices God is well pleased."
 Offer, then, beloved, the body, with the soul and spirit; offer the
 fruit of the lips and offer the fruit of the life, and you will walk
 worthily of your priesthood. Glory!
 The patriarch Jacob had two distinct and well-defined experiences about
 twenty years apart. The first of these was at Bethel, when, in
 loneliness and anguish of mind, he was plodding on his way toward
 Mesopotamia to escape the vengeance of his brother Esau. This vengeance
 was not causeless, and Jacob lay down upon the ground with a stone for
 a pillow, not only distressed in mind from fear and anxiety, but also,
 we may well suppose, not altogether free from the condemnation of a
 guilty conscience. But Jacob was a man who had faith in God's promises,
 even if he did not always obey His commands. And when he lay down to
 sleep under the open sky, in a state of mind, sad, forlorn, fearful and
 contrite, God was watching over him, and when he awoke from the
 wondrous vision there vouchsafed to him, he perceived that God was in
 the place, and he found that he himself, also, was a new man. Now he
 could not only believe intellectually what God had said, but he could
 and did enter into covenant with Him, taking Jehovah for his God, and
 vowing the tenth or his income to be given to Him. This was such a
 change of mind and heart as constituted a real conversion.
 When, after the many mercies and many trials that fell to his portion
 whilst dwelling with his uncle Laban, and after the lapse of two score
 years, he was returning to his father's house, no longer poor and
 lonely, but with flocks and herds and wives and children, again he was
 encountered by the fear of his brother Esau who was approaching him
 with four hundred men. Then it was that there "wrestled a man with him
 until the breaking of the day." Note it was the man wrestling with
 Jacob--and the man was the angel,--Jehovah, the pre-existent Christ--
 and the object of his wrestling was to get the Jacob nature, the old
 man, the body of sin, out of Jacob. But Jacob resisted, until by a
 touch the Divine wrestler made it impossible for him to resist any
 longer. Now he had to cease his wrestling but he could still cling, and
 he could still cry, "I will not let thee go until thou bless me."
 Jacob's will was now firmly set upon the blessing; he could ho longer
 resist the will of the Blesser, but one thing more he had to do, and
 that was to tell his name. I am Jacob--supplanter, sinner, and then He
 blessed him there; Jabbok means extinguishment, and Jacob's self-life
 was extinguished there. He told his name, and in the telling lost it.
 No longer the supplanter--but Israel, the prince, the prevailer, the
 overcomer, and Israel was now a wholly sanctified man. Beloved, tell
 God your name--sinner--seek with fixed determination for the blessing
 of holiness, fulfill the conditions, and you also shall prevail, and
 your name will be changed from sinner to saint, priest, prophet, king,
 having the blessing of entire sanctification, and the Blesser Himself
 in the person of the Indwelling Comforter. Praise the Lord!
 The Mosaic dispensation was legal, ceremonial and typical. "The law
 having a shadow of the good things to come," says the author of the
 Hebrews. But a shadow always points to a substance; and so far as
 holiness is commanded, and so far as it is shadowed forth in the
 ceremonial law, we shall find that there is a corresponding substance
 and reality in the gospel of Christ.
 In the first place, if we study carefully the provisions of the Mosaic
 law, we shall be struck with the many forms of ceremonial uncleanness
 described therein, and with the "divers washings," not only of the
 "hands oft," but of the whole body, and of "cups and pots, brazen
 vessels and of tables." All these point to the fact that God will have
 a clean people, and a clean people is a holy people. The same thing is
 vividly exhibited in the distinction between clean and unclean animals,
 the one kind to be used as food, and the other to be disused. Of land
 animals, only such as both chew the end and divide the hoof, might then
 be eaten. And of aquatic, only such as have both fins and scales were
 to be accounted clean. There can be no doubt that this restriction in
 regard to food is full of meaning. God help us all as Christian
 believers to distinguish between the clean and the unclean in a
 spiritual sense, and not to forget that God will have His people now
 pure in heart, clean in soul, holy both within and without.
 The seal of the covenant with Abraham was circumcision, and this became
 the perpetual rite by which his descendants were admitted to the rights
 and privileges of that covenant. "Every male child shall be
 circumcised." But this rite was an outward symbol of "a circumcision
 not made with hands, in the putting off of the body of the flesh, in
 the circumcision of Christ" (Col. 2: II. R.V.) And in Romans 2: 28-29,
 we are told that "He is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is
 that circumcision which is outward in the flesh; but he is a Jew which
 is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit,
 and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men but of God." Beloved
 reader, may you and I know what it is to experience the inward
 circumcision, made without hands, even the putting off of the body of
 the flesh. And this is entire sanctification. In the consecration of
 Aaron and his sons to the priests' office, not only were they to be
 adorned with holy garments for glory and for beauty, not only was the
 breast-plate to be set with twelve kinds of precious stones, but the
 plate for the mitre was to be made of pure gold, and engraved with the
 motto "Holiness to the Lord." This was to be always upon the forehead
 of the High Priest, and must signify that Aaron was to be the holy
 priest of a Holy God, and that the law required a continuous holiness,
 as most assuredly the gospel does also.
 Now, in the most important sense both the priesthood and the sacrifices
 were typical of Christ. In the mediatorial work of redemption, he was
 both the priest and the victim. He offered Himself. And no one will
 deny that He was holy, harmless, undefiled and separate from sinners.
 The holy priest, under the law typified the holy priest, who is a
 priest forever after the order of Melchizedek. But under the gospel
 dispensation all Christians are priests. "But ye are a chosen
 generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a peculiar people." And
 we are priests, not for the purpose of expiation, for expiation was
 completed by the Lord Jesus Christ, when He "bore our sins in His own
 body on the tree," but priests to offer up "spiritual sacrifices
 acceptable to God through Jesus Christ." And every such priest must
 needs be continuously holy.
 The "spiritual sacrifices" which the Christian priest must offer are,
 as previously stated, (1) his body, with all its members and
 capacities. The heart was given to Christ at conversion. It is,
 however, largely through the body that the soul is led into sin, and it
 is through the body, also, that the soul must perform its work for
 Christ, so long as soul and body are united in probation. Hence, the
 Apostle exclaims in the twelfth of Romans, "I beseech you, therefore,
 brethren, by the mercies of God that ye present your bodies a living
 sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable
 service." The Christian must offer (2) also his continual testimony. He
 must "hold fast the confession of his faith without wavering." "By him,
 therefore, let us offer the sacrifices of praise to God continually,
 that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to His name." And, finally
 (3), the Christian priest must offer the sacrifice of a holy life. "But
 to do good, and to communicate forget not, for with such sacrifices God
 is well pleased." Beloved, let us ask ourselves if we are constantly
 offering as a holy priesthood, a consecrated body, a confessing tongue
 and a godly life. Amen.
 This subject has already been alluded to under a different head, but
 it will bear repetition.
 In the ceremonial used under the law for the cleansing of the leper, we
 find an impressive type or symbol of holiness. Leprosy is most clearly
 and strikingly a type of inbred sin. It is loathsome, unclean,
 incurable, fatal and hereditary. The leper was driven from society; he
 could not dwell in the camp nor in the city. He was an outcast. None
 must be permitted to approach him. They must be warned off by the
 despairing cry "unclean, unclean." Nothing can be conceived more
 desolate or more hopeless than the condition of the leper, unless it
 be, indeed, the sinner who is an "alien from the commonwealth of
 Israel, a stranger to the covenants of promise, having no hope and
 without God in the world."
 But to the leper, in many instances, came the glad "day of cleansing."
 He might not come into the camp, until the priest went forth to him.
 The priest and no one else could pronounce him clean. And none but
 Christ has any authority to tell the sinner that he is converted, or
 the believer that he is sanctified. A clean bird must be slain over
 living water, another bird dipped into this water flies away toward
 heaven with bloody wing; the leper is sprinkled seven times, to denote
 the completeness or perfection of his cleansing, with blood by means of
 hyssop and scarlet wool bound to a stick of cedar; he must wash his
 clothes; he must pass a razor over his whole body, and bathe the whole
 body likewise in water. Certainly, all this needs no explanation.
 Surely, here is atonement by blood, and cleansing by the washing of
 water through the word, as plainly described as symbolic language can
 utter it.
 All the bloody sacrifices of the Jewish law, the daily sacrifice both
 morning and evening, the paschal lamb, the Day of Atonement, the
 offerings at the various feasts, and innumerable sacrifices offered for
 individuals or for the whole people, the guilt offering, the sin
 offering, one for what we have done, the other for what we are, the
 peace offering, the burnt offering, these, also, all point to the Lamb
 that was slain from the foundation of the world. In all the sacrifices
 which we have named, a life was taken and blood was shed. "Almost all
 things are, by the law, purged with blood, and without shedding of
 blood is no remission."
 But turn now to the New Testament, and read that "It is not possible
 for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins." Read again, "If
 the blood of bulls and goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the
 unclean sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall
 the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself
 without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the
 living God." Read again, "In Him we have redemption through His blood"
 --"Having made peace through the blood of His cross"--"Ye who are far
 off are made nigh by the blood of Christ"--"Being now justified by His
 blood"--"That He might sanctify the people with His own blood"--and
 especially "The blood of Jesus Christ, His Son, cleanseth us from all
 Here, I insert a quotation from that saintly man, Dr. Edgar M. Levy.
 "When an oblation for sin was offered up under the old dispensation,
 the priest was commanded to dip his finger in blood, and to sprinkle it
 seven times before the Lord. This denoted the perfection of the
 offering. Nor would the blessed antitype come short of the type. Seven
 times, at least, did our Lord pour forth His precious blood. He was
 circumcised and there, of necessity, was blood. He was buffeted on the
 mouth, and by such brutal hands, that this must needs have been
 attended with blood. He was scourged, and from Roman scouring there
 was, of course, blood. The crown of thorns was driven into His precious
 temples and, surely, this was not without blood. The sharp nails
 penetrated into His hands and feet, and again there was blood. And one
 of the soldiers, with a spear, pierced His side, and forthwith came
 thereout blood and water."
 The blood of Jesus, then, is the procuring cause of our sanctification
 as it is of our justification. Glory be to His Name forever for the
 precious, cleansing blood. And every Christian can heartily join in the
 immortal hymn of Toplady on the "Rock of Ages," and especially with the
 rendering now frequently given to the conclusion of the first stanza,
 "Let the water and the blood
 From Thy wounded side which flowed,
 Be of sin the double cure
 Save from wrath--and make me pure."
 The pure olive oil is mentioned many times in Scripture, and was used
 for a great variety of purposes. In typology, however, it has special
 reference to the office work of the Holy Spirit. He is distinctively
 the Sanctifier, and to be filled with the Spirit is designated by the
 Apostle John as "the unction" or "the anointing." The holy anointing
 oil was to be sprinkled upon the tabernacle and all its sacred
 vessels. It was also poured upon the heads of prophets, priests and
 kings, as a necessary qualification for the discharge of their
 respective offices. There can be no doubt but that this use of the
 anointing oil and the sweet perfume, which none were permitted to
 imitate or counterfeit, has a direct typical reference to holiness.
 The sacred writer, indeed, says as much. "That they may be most holy;
 whatsoever toucheth them shall be holy." And as all Christians are
 kings and priests unto God, it is necessary that they also be anointed
 with the Holy Spirit, as their types in the Old Testament dispensation
 were anointed with the outward oil. "Be ye clean that bear the vessels
 of the Lord." A priest must be holy.
 We have already spoken of leprosy as a type of inbred sin, and of the
 requirement of blood-shedding in the cleansing of the leper. But before
 that cleansing was complete, the anointing oil, also, was to be applied
 to the leper, who was healed of his malady. As the priest had already
 touched his ear, his thumb and his toe with the blood of the sacrifice,
 so now he touched the same parts also with the oil. First, the blood;
 afterwards, the oil. And thus it is in the wondrous plan of salvation
 through the Lord Jesus Christ. First, atonement for guilt and to secure
 pardon; afterwards, the Holy Ghost baptism for complete cleansing.
 First, justification through the blood; then entire sanctification
 through the Spirit.
 The anointing oil was also to be applied to the ear, the thumb and the
 toe of Aaron and his sons in their consecration to the priesthood and,
 finally, poured upon their mitred heads that it might reach the beard
 and the skirts of the garments, but by no means touch the flesh. And
 so, beloved, we must be touched with blood and oil as to our spiritual
 ears, that we may take heed how we hear and what we hear; and as to our
 hands that they may do the work of God in all righteousness, and
 goodness and truth; and as to our feet, that they may run swiftly and
 beautifully upon the errands of redeeming love; and, at last, upon our
 heads and running down overall the person to purify and energize the
 whole man, that we may be "ever, only, all for Him." Praise the Lord.
 And this can never happen while the flesh, the carnal mind, is still
 Jesus Christ Himself, the Son of God and the Son of Man, He who was
 holy, harmless, undefiled and separate from sinners, was,
 nevertheless, anointed with the Holy Ghost as a needful qualification
 for His mediatorial work.
 In the synagogue at Nazareth, He read part of the sixty-first chapter
 of Isaiah. "The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me: because the Lord
 hath anointed Me to preach good tidings unto the meek; He had sent Me
 to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and
 the opening of the prison to them that are bound; to proclaim the
 acceptable year of the Lord"--and here He ceased His quotation
 abruptly, without saying a word about "the day of vengeance of our
 God." It was now a day of grace, not a day of vengeance. But to those
 who will not accept this grace, that terrible day of vengeance will
 surely come. Jesus was anointed, and He was holy. His anointed
 followers must also be holy. They must seek and find the baptism with
 the Holy Ghost and fire, they must be sanctified wholly. To be
 baptized, and filled and anointed with the Holy Ghost is the privilege
 and duty of all God's children. If we would belong to the royal
 priesthood, we must be cleansed from the defilement of sin.
 Finally, we will allude to the fire symbol. Gold is spoken of in
 Scripture as tried in the fire. So of silver. "He" (Christ) "shall sit
 as a refiner and purifier of silver." The precious metals will endure
 the fire, but "dross and tin," as well as reprobate silver, will and
 must be consumed. The baptism with the Holy Ghost and with fire is a
 sin-consuming baptism. Fire is a great purifier. It makes the substance
 which is subjected to it pure through and through, and not like
 anything cleansed by water, pure as to its surface only. "Our God is a
 consuming fire." Oh, beloved, let us give up to the fire all that is
 for the fire. Let all depravity, all inbred sin, all tendency to depart
 from God and yield to Satan, be burned up in this fiery baptism. May
 God put upon all His pardoned children not the blood-mark only, but
 the fire-mark also.
 The Major Prophets are Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Daniel. The twelve
 prophetic books in the Old Testament following the book of Daniel are
 called the Minor Prophets. In the writings of both classes we find many
 allusions and predictions as to the entire sanctification of believers
 in the gospel dispensation and under the reign of Messiah or Christ.
 The sixth chapter of Isaiah is usually regarded as his call to the
 prophetic office. Whether this be so or not, it records a very
 wonderful experience of that grand man, and a remarkable type of the
 baptism with the Holy Ghost as described in the book of Acts.
 It is quite evident that Isaiah was a converted man before he wrote his
 first chapter. In that he laments the sins of the Israelites and the
 Jews, all of them God's chosen people, though now divided into the two
 kingdoms and these often at variance, shows the utter futility of their
 own efforts to regain the favor of God, by observances and sacrifices
 and ceremonies, and then tells them how to be converted as plainly as
 any gospel minister in our own day would be able to do. He shows them
 that the way of salvation is by repentance and faith, and by trusting
 to the unmerited mercy of God. Hear him: "Wash you, make you clean; put
 away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil;
 learn to do well; seek judgment; relieve the oppressed; judge the
 fatherless; plead for the widow. Come now, and let us reason together,
 saith the Lord; though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white
 as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool."
 Here are repentance and amendment of life and pardon, the washing away
 of guilt and committed sins, symbolical of the New Testament washing of
 regeneration, symbolical also of John's baptism of repentance unto the
 remission of sins.
 But now in the sixth chapter, and "in the year that king Uzziah died,"
 a wondrous vision of the pre-existent Christ, "sitting upon a throne
 high and lifted up" and the seraphim crying one to another "Holy, holy,
 holy is the Lord of hosts," was vouchsafed to the prophet. And the
 first effect of the glorious things which he saw and heard was not to
 exalt him and minister to his pride, but to fill him with despair at
 his own depravity. He felt just as Peter did at the first miraculous
 draught of fishes on the Sea of Galilee, when he exclaimed "Depart from
 me for I am a sinful man, O Lord." Ah! beloved, it never fosters
 spiritual pride, nor any other kind of pride to get a nearer and
 clearer view of Christ than we ever had before. Quite the contrary.
 Such a vision turns us towards our inner selves, and enables us to
 behold by contrast the darkness and sinfulness and pollution of our own
 souls, and in such a view we shall find food for the deepest
 humiliation, but nothing to nourish pride.
 Accordingly, Isaiah exclaimed in agony of soul "Woe is me! for I am
 undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of
 a people of unclean lips; for mine eyes have seen the King, the Lord of
 hosts." If we may credit Jewish tradition, it was for the offence of
 saying that he had seen the King, the Lord of hosts, that the prophet
 was afterwards sawn asunder. But the record of the glorious vision is
 still preserved and will, no doubt, be blessed to millions of readers
 in the future, as in the past, and until the end of the age.
 But the seraph was sent to touch the "unclean lips" of Isaiah--unclean
 because of innate depravity, and unclean notwithstanding he had
 probably been preaching repentance and amendment of life and
 forgiveness for two or three years before this wondrous experience--to
 touch them with holy fire. And then he was assured not that his sins of
 commission and omission were forgiven--that had been done before--but
 that his iniquity was taken away, and his (inbred) sin purged. This was
 a second and a definite experience, and strikingly emblematic of the
 baptism with the Holy Ghost and fire under the gospel dispensation,
 which is also accompanied by "the purifying of the heart by faith," or
 entire sanctification.
 How wondrous are the prophecies of Isaiah after this experience. He
 seems to look down the centuries for seven hundred years and to see the
 glorious blessings of the gospel dispensation almost as clearly as if
 they were already present. Hear him in the thirty-fifth chapter: "And
 an highway shall be there and a way; and it shall be called the way of
 holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it; but it shall be for
 those: the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein." And in
 the fifty-first chapter: "Awake, awake! Put on thy strength, O Zion!
 put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city; for
 henceforth, there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and
 the unclean," and in the sixtieth chapter: "Thy sun shall no more go
 down, neither shall thy moon withdraw itself; for the Lord shall be
 thine everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning shall be ended."
 To Jeremiah the Lord said, "I sanctified thee; and I ordained thee a
 prophet unto the nations," which must mean not only that he was set
 apart for the office of a prophet, but also that he was cleansed from
 inbred sin, as a necessary preparation for the office itself.
 In the thirty-sixth chapter of Ezekiel we have some striking passages
 on the theme before us. These were, no doubt, addressed primarily to
 the outward Israel, but they may very justly be appropriated by the
 Israel of God, the Church of Christ, since as Augustine says, "The New
 Testament lies hidden in the Old, and the Old is revealed in the New."
 In the twenty-fifth verse we have the promise of pardon or
 justification with cleansing from the pollution of their past sins:
 "Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you and ye shall be clean, from
 all your filthiness and from all your idols will I cleanse you."
 Committed sin implies both guilt and pollution. And the pollution that
 is thus acquired by the practice of sinning is removed in regeneration.
 Thus the new convert is brought back again to the state of the little
 child. "Except ye be converted," said the blessed Saviour, "and become
 as little children, ye cannot enter into the kingdom of God." The
 little child has neither the guilt nor the pollution of committed sin;
 whilst he does have within him the inherited or inbred sin of his
 Now in the promise quoted above, allusion is made to the clean water
 made from the ashes of a red heifer and sprinkled, under the Mosaic
 law, upon those who had incurred ceremonial uncleanness. The thing
 signified, however, is the precious blood of Christ which cleanseth
 from all sin, or possibly the cleansing operation of the Holy Spirit,
 typified by water, may here be meant. At any rate the twenty-fifth
 verse points to nothing less than a full and free justification.
 But the prophet continues: "A new heart also will I give you and a new
 spirit will I put within you; and I will take away the stony heart out
 of your flesh and I will give you a heart of flesh." Here we have
 described certainly the experience of regeneration, if indeed not the
 still fuller experience of entire sanctification. But let us admit that
 it means only the new heart which is given to the penitent sinner at
 his new birth. Regeneration implies the impartation of a new life by
 the Divine energy of the Holy Ghost. And this new life is comparable to
 the "heart of flesh," not, of course, a carnal heart, but a heart
 tender and teachable, and impressible to heavenly influences, such a
 heart as we always find in the new-born babe in Christ.
 But listen still further: "And I will put My Spirit within you, and
 cause you to walk in My statutes, and ye shall keep My judgments and do
 them." In this verse we have a pre-figuring of the Holy Ghost baptism,
 by which the heart is cleansed from all sin and sanctified wholly, and
 also of the subsequent "walking in the Spirit," to which Paul alludes
 in one of his epistles. Zacharias, the father of John the Baptist, who
 was also seized with prophetic fire at the birth of his son, exclaims,
 "That He would grant unto us that we, being delivered out of the hand
 of our enemies, might serve Him without fear, in holiness and
 righteousness before Him, all the days of our life." Surely the gospel
 of Christ has something better for its recipients than a constant daily
 sinning and repenting, which is too often the experience of Christian
 people. The twenty-seventh verse, therefore, signifies holiness of
 heart and life through the power of the indwelling Spirit.
 How blessed it is thus to be assured that what we cannot do by our own
 strength, the Holy Spirit will cause us to do. This doctrine of
 spiritual causation is indeed glorious. Like the mainspring of the
 watch which supplies the power within, by which the hands are moved
 without, and thus the fleeting minutes and hours are correctly
 measured, so the Holy Spirit within supplies the energy by which the
 sanctified believer is enabled or caused to adorn the doctrine of
 Christ, his Saviour, in all things, and to bring forth the fruit of the
 Spirit in all righteousness and goodness and truth.
 In the minor prophets, we find numerous allusions to the subject of
 holiness, though their language is often highly figurative. In Hosea
 2:16, after reproving Israel for her unfaithfulness in the past, the
 Almighty, through His prophet, employs the following language, viz:
 "And it shall be at that day, saith the Lord, that thou shalt call Me
 Ishi, and shalt call Me no more Baali," and again in the nineteenth
 verse, "I will betroth thee unto Me forever; yea I will betroth thee in
 righteousness and in judgment and in loving kindness and in mercies; I
 will even betroth thee unto Me in faithfulness; and thou shalt know the
 Lord." Now the word Ishi means my husband; while the word Baali means
 my Lord, and the language, therefore, points to an experience or a
 relation of marriage. The bride is exalted immeasurably above the
 servant. While the position of the servant points to a legal
 justification and a service for wages and reward, that of the bride
 must signify entire sanctification, and the closest possible union with
 the Heavenly Bridegroom. Again, the word betrothed points legitimately
 to a marriage which is always justly expected to follow if both parties
 are faithful to the engagement. Beloved, let us get so near to Christ
 that we shall not address Him as my Lord, in the spirit of a servant,
 but as my husband, in the spirit of a loving and faithful wife. At your
 conversion, you are, as it were, betrothed to Him, or in ordinary
 language engaged to Him. At your entire sanctification, your engagement
 is consummated by the marriage union. Engagement must precede marriage,
 it is true, but, as a rule, engagements should not be long. Do not
 needlessly defer your nuptials, but rather hasten to the embraces of
 Everlasting Love. Like Rebecca, appreciate your high and holy calling,
 and like her say promptly and decidedly, "I will go."
 In the book of Joel we find the prophecy which Peter quoted on the day
 of Pentecost, and assured the multitude of Jews, out of every nation
 under heaven, that what they beheld on that day was the fulfillment of
 the same. "And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out My
 Spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
 your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions. And
 also upon the servants and upon the handmaidens in those days will I
 pour out My Spirit."
 Now, these words are clearly a foreshadowing of the baptism with the
 Holy Ghost and fire, designed for all of God's children without
 distinction of nation or sex, and intended, first, to purify their
 hearts by faith (see Acts 15:9) and, secondly, to endue them with power
 for whatever line of service God may call them to. And we may add that
 this text, as well as many others, shows that in these gospel days
 women as well as men may be, as we find in the facts of our daily
 experience that they are both called and qualified for the work of the
 ministry, as well as other labors in the vineyard of the Lord. But both
 men and women need the Holy Ghost baptism which consumes inbred sin,
 as an indispensable qualification for the highest efficiency and most
 marked success in the work to which they may individually be called.
 Every Christian may and should do something for the Lord, but none can
 do all for Him which he makes it his privilege and his duty to do,
 without the grace of entire sanctification and the fulness of the
 In the prayer of Habakkuk we have some sentences which point
 unmistakably to the experience of perfect trust in God and perfect love
 for Him. "Although the fig-tree shall not blossom, neither shall fruit
 be in the vines; the labor of the olive shall fail, and the fields
 shall yield no meat; the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and
 there shall be no herd in the stalls; yet I will rejoice in the Lord, I
 will joy in the God of my salvation." Compare this with John Wesley's
 description of a holy man after Paul. One who is enabled to rejoice
 evermore, to pray without ceasing, and in everything to give thanks.
 Does not Habakkuk answer beautifully to this description?
 The prophecy of Zechariah contains a number of visions, which are, no
 doubt, full of instruction to those who have eyes to see. We can only
 mention one or two of these. In the third chapter, verses one to seven,
 we are introduced to Joshua, the high priest, representing the Jewish
 people, and typifying Christ Jesus with His eternal and unchangeable
 priesthood after the order of Melchizedek. But the Angel Jehovah also
 represents Jesus in His capacity of Judge. And Satan, the adversary, is
 present as the accuser of the brethren, resisting them in the person of
 their representative, the high priest.
 And surely it would seem, at first, as if there was ground for his
 accusations, for Joshua, the high priest, is clothed in filthy
 garments, and these can signify nothing else than sins, aye, the sins
 of His people imputed to Him as their representative and priest, and
 not their actual sins only but their inbred sin also, for, "The Lord
 hath laid on Him the iniquity of us all," and "He hath made Him to be
 sin for us who knew no sin." "His visage was so marred more than any
 man, and His form more than the sons of men." "He hath no form nor
 comeliness, and when we shall see Him, there is no beauty that we
 should desire Him."
 "Many were astonished at thee," says Isaiah. "Behold the man," said
 Pilate, as he brought forth Jesus scourged, tortured, bleeding, but
 uncomplaining, and the only answer was "Crucify Him!" Thus, beloved,
 was He clothed in very truth with the filthy garments not of His own
 vileness but of ours.
 But Joshua was "a brand plucked from the burning," and, therefore, in
 Him all His people have found pardon. And now comes the order "Take
 away the filthy garments from him, and unto him he said, Behold, I have
 caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with
 change of raiment." Surely, beloved, we here have nothing less than
 entire sanctification, not in ourselves but in Him, and not only simply
 imputatively and representatively, but actually and experimentally.
 Praise the Lord.
 The prophet Malachi assures us that "He shall sit as a refiner and
 purifier of silver; and He shall purify the sons of Levi" (that is, the
 "royal priesthood" which constitutes the true church) "and purge them
 as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the Lord an offering in
 righteousness." Surely no one will deny that there is holiness in
 Gabriel said to Mary in the annunciation, "Therefore, that holy thing
 that shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God." Or in the
 Revised Version, "Wherefore, also, that which is to be born shall be
 called holy, the Son of God." The author of the Epistle to the Hebrews
 speaks of Him as "holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners,"
 and Peter says that "He did no sin, neither was guile found in His
 mouth." He is called "Thy holy child Jesus." Jesus Christ, therefore,
 was wholly free both from sin committed and sin indwelling. He was
 absolutely holy in heart and holy in life, holy in word and holy in
 act, holy in His birth, holy in His death, holy in His resurrection,
 holy in His ascension, holy in His eternity. Glory be to His Holy
 And if the Divine Founder of the Christian Church was thus a holy man,
 it would, naturally, be expected that He should desire to have a holy
 people; and if He desire it, that He should also make provision for it;
 and if He both desire it and hath made provision for it, that we should
 find allusions to it in His teachings. In this, we are not
 disappointed, as we shall proceed to show.
 The Sermon on the Mount contains an epitome of the public preaching of
 the Lord Jesus, and every sentence is pregnant with meaning. From
 beginning to end, it inculcates holiness as the privilege and duty of
 believers. Many things are enjoined which would only be possible to
 those who are sanctified wholly, such as, "Bless them that curse you,
 do good to them that hate you, love your enemies, resist not evil," and
 many others.
 The teachings of our Lord are like the headings of chapters, which are
 filled out and developed in the writings of the apostles. This is
 remarkably true of the Sermon on the Mount, which, without going
 largely into details, sets forth the principles which are to govern His
 kingdom on earth. The application and interpretation of these
 principles, He leaves to the inspired apostles and evangelists, who
 continued to teach and preach after His departure, and to the Holy
 Spirit who is promised to the believing church as its guide, teacher
 and comforter until Christ Himself shall come again.
 But besides many precepts and injunctions which imply holiness, there
 are several, also, which expressly require it. Among the beatitudes at
 the beginning of the Sermon, we find this striking statement: "Blessed
 are the pure in heart for they shall see God." Now, heart purity
 cannot exist while there is any sin in the heart. Wherever there is sin
 in the heart, whether actual or indwelling, there is also defilement;
 and purity and defilement are incompatible terms.
 Heart purity, therefore, is identical with entire sanctification, and
 heart purity is not only a great energizer, so that a man is powerful
 for good in proportion to the purity of his heart and life, but it is
 also a great illuminator, so that it enables its possessor to see God.
 This, of course, does not imply an open or an outward vision, but a
 spiritual apprehension of God, whereby we are brought into fellowship
 and communion with Him, and in a spiritual sense, we maybe truly
 regarded as seeing Him who is forever invisible to outward sense.
 This inward purity, as distinguished from a blameless outward walk, was
 by no means unknown to the Old Testament writers. In the Twenty-fourth
 Psalm, David asks the question "Who shall ascend into the hill of the
 Lord? or who shall stand in His holy place?" And He immediately answers
 it by saying, "He that hath clean hands and a pure heart." The clean
 hands imply that his works are in accordance with God's law; in other
 words, that his outward life is free from condemnation. But the "pure
 heart" means more than this, and suggests what the same royal Psalmist
 remarks again in the Fifty-first Psalm. "Behold, thou desirest truth in
 the inward parts, in the hidden part, Thou shalt make me to know
 wisdom." It is also noticeable in the Twenty-fourth Psalm, as already
 quoted, that the clean hands or justification comes before the pure
 heart or entire sanctification. So accurate is the blessed spiritual
 logic of the Holy Ghost.
 Returning to the Sermon on the Mount, we find at the end of Matthew
 fifth the direct command, "Be ye, therefore, perfect, even as your
 Father which is in heaven is perfect," or if we take the Revised
 Version, which is more accurate in translation, the command becomes a
 positive assertion, which is equally forcible. "Ye, therefore, shall be
 perfect as your Heavenly Father is perfect."
 But whether command or declaration, it is at first sight simply
 astounding. It is overwhelming. So much so, indeed, that our poor
 human spirits shrink back in amazement, and we are ready to say, This
 is wholly impossible. Surely, Jesus cannot mean what He says. Or if He
 does, then my case is hopeless. But let us examine the words a little
 more carefully.
 In the first place, we are to notice that He does not say that we are
 to be equal in perfection to our Father in Heaven. That would, indeed,
 be too absurd for the wildest fancy to conceive. God is infinite in all
 His attributes and, therefore, infinite in perfection, and this in all
 directions. We are poor, finite, sinful human beings, and can never
 even approach the boundless perfection of Him who is wholly without
 limit, either as to power, space or duration, or righteousness, justice
 and holiness.
 But the command is not, Be ye equal to your Heavenly Father in
 perfection, but, Be ye perfect with the same kind of perfection which
 appertains to Him. It may be similar in kind whilst falling infinitely
 short of His perfection in degree. Now, God is infinite and perfect in
 all His attributes, but apart from His attributes is His essence. And
 what is the perfection which is predicated of the essence of God? Or,
 rather, what is His essence itself? It is love. "God is love," says the
 apostle. "Thy nature and Thy name is love," says the great
 hymnologist, Charles Wesley. The essential perfection of the Godhead,
 therefore, is a perfection of love. And we are assured by the beloved
 John that it is possible for us, also, to be made perfect in love, and
 to possess the perfect love which casteth out fear. Hence, if we are
 perfect in love we are perfect even as our Father who is in heaven is
 perfect. Behold the blessed simplicity of the gospel.
 The context of the command referred to proves the same thing. Jesus had
 just been telling His disciples that it is not sufficient for them to
 love their friends, and do good to those that do good to them. All
 these things and more are done even by worldly minded people and open
 sinners. Unsaved people love those who love them. But Jesus continues,
 "I say unto you, love your enemies; bless them that curse you; do good
 to them that hate you, and pray for them that despitefully use you and
 persecute you." Why? "That ye may be the children of your Father who is
 in heaven," for that is just the way He does. He does not wait for a
 man to be His friend before He loves him and shows kindness to him. "He
 maketh His sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on
 the just and on the unjust." And, if we are to be the children of such
 a Father, we must adopt His sentiments and love in our measure as He
 loves. His essence being love, all His infinite activities are
 controlled and regulated and directed by love, and when there is
 nothing contrary to love in our hearts, so that all our finite
 activities are in like manner impelled and swayed and directed by love,
 then we are perfect in love, and perfect even as our Heavenly Father is
 perfect. Glory to His Name.
 I believe that if we search carefully and prayerfully we shall find the
 doctrine of entire sanctification in many of the parables of our
 Saviour. Take, for instance, the parable of the sower. Here we are
 expressly told that the seed is the word of God, and, of course, the
 sowers are all ministers and Christian workers who are trying in any
 right way, to diffuse a knowledge and acceptance of gospel truth. They
 are devoting themselves to the salvation of human souls. Now, mark the
 difference as to the ground upon which the good seed falls. (1) The
 wayside hearers are not concerted at all. (2) The stony ground hearers
 are converted but not established. Their shallowness is such as to
 prevent them from withstanding trial and temptation and hence they fall
 into backsliding. (3) The thorny ground hearers are converted, but
 inbred sin remains in their hearts in form of the love of riches,
 whether these riches are possessed or only desired, or too much care
 and cumber, having so much regard to the secular as to neglect the
 spiritual, or in the form of unsanctified desire, "the lusts of other
 things," and so by sin that dwelleth in them the word is "choked," and
 though they may bring forth a little meagre fruit of inferior quality,
 yet they bring "no fruit to perfection." They are justified but not
 sanctified wholly.
 Now, our Heavenly Father desires not a little fruit but much fruit.
 "Every branch that bringeth forth fruit, he purgeth it that it may
 bring forth more fruit." To purge is to purify or, in a spiritual
 sense, to sanctify, and this is the condition of abundant fruitage.
 When the thorns are removed the good seed will grow and flourish. When
 inbred sin is taken out of the heart the Christian believer will bring
 forth fruit to perfection, even the perfection of love, and this will
 be the "much fruit" whereby God is glorified.
 On one occasion we are told that a lawyer asked Jesus "What shall I do
 to inherit eternal life?" and when asked in reply what were the words
 of the Mosaic law he answered, "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with
 all thy heart and with all thy soul and with all thy mind; and thy
 neighbor as thyself." Jesus commended his answer and added "This do and
 thou shalt live." Hence, our Saviour teaches that holiness consists of
 nothing more nor less nor else than perfect love to God and man. What
 constitutes this love has been already explained.
 Martha was a good Christian, but she was "careful and troubled about
 many things." Mary was a good Christian and still earnestly seeking the
 one thing needful, which is full salvation, or holiness of heart and
 life. Even good Christians may be "cumbered about much serving," and so
 miss this one thing needful. We cannot doubt that both the sisters, who
 vividly typify the two experiences, obtained the blessing of holiness
 when the pentecostal baptism was poured out upon the church of the
 hundred and twenty, if not before. In the marvelous intercessory prayer
 of the Lord Jesus, given in the seventeenth of John, we find these
 expressions, "Sanctify them through Thy truth. Thy word is truth." And
 again, "For their sakes I sanctify Myself that they also may be
 sanctified through the truth." Here we discover the two senses of the
 word sanctify. Jesus sets Himself apart or consecrates Himself to the
 work of human redemption in order that His followers, in all ages, may
 be not only set apart or consecrated, but also sanctified wholly, or
 made holy in heart and life. He gave Himself for the world of sinners
 lost, that they might be forgiven and saved. He gave Himself for the
 church, on the other hand, that He might "sanctify and cleanse it with
 the washing of water by the word, that He might present it to Himself a
 glorious church, not having spot nor wrinkle nor any such thing, but
 that it should be holy and without blemish." Thus, the atoning
 sacrifice of Christ procured pardon and acceptance for the penitent
 sinner. It procured not less, certainly, entire sanctification for the
 consecrated believer. And it is only by accepting Him as a perfect
 Saviour that He "is made of God unto us, wisdom and righteousness and
 sanctification and redemption."
 For the blessed Saviour does not leave us in doubt as to the method of
 obtaining this great blessing of holiness, nor as to the price, which
 must be paid for it. Entire sanctification is "one pearl of great
 price," and he who would possess it must go and sell all that he has.
 The rich young ruler had a first-class record as to morality and the
 outward observance of the law of God, yet Jesus said to him, "One thing
 thou lackest," and that one thing was perfect love, for He added, "If
 thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast and give to the poor,"
 and then interjecting a promise, "Thou shalt have treasure in heaven,
 and come take up the cross and follow Me." The price was too great, and
 the young man went away sorrowful. Alas! Myriads of souls since have
 found the price too great, and by refusing to pay it, have deprived
 themselves of unspeakable blessing. Christ would not have us become His
 followers without counting the cost, and the cost is all that we have
 and all that we are. "Whosoever forsaketh not all that he hath, he
 cannot be My disciple."
 First, we are to forsake, with full purpose of heart, all known sin. It
 may be the sin which "easily besets," our own bosom sin, near as a
 right eye or a right hand, but if it causes us to stumble, it must be
 relentlessly sacrificed. And even if the sacrifice seems like crippling
 and maiming us, yet Jesus assures us that it is better to enter into
 eternal life with one eye or one hand, than to be consigned to
 everlasting death with two eyes or two hands. In the first place,
 therefore, we are to "reckon ourselves dead, indeed, unto sin, but
 alive unto God through Jesus Christ, our Lord."
 But we are to become dead, indeed, not only to all sin, but we must be
 dead, also, even to lawful things, except as God in His mercy may grant
 them to us, to have and enjoy in moderation and to His glory. Jesus
 teaches us that our highest affection, our deepest love must be
 fastened upon Him alone, and that if any individual love, father or
 mother, son or daughter, wife or husband more than Him, such a one is
 not worthy of Him. We are to love His gifts and thank Him for them, but
 still more are we to love the Giver Himself.
 And when we love Him supremely, we shall learn to be satisfied with
 Himself, and what He in His love and mercy chooses to give us. If He
 permits us to have an abundance of earthly goods, we shall thank Him
 and use them as stewards of His for His glory. If He allows our family
 circle to be invaded by death, and one dear one after another is
 carried away to the tomb, or if He permits our wealth to be taken from
 us and consign us to poverty and desolation, if His gifts one by one or
 altogether are withdrawn from us, why, praise the Lord, we still have
 the Giver, and can still say with Job "The Lord gave and the Lord hath
 taken away. Blessed be the name of the Lord."
 It thus appears that the teachings of our Lord require us to be dead to
 sin, and dead to self, yea, even to lawful self, in order that we may
 possess this inestimable blessing of entire sanctification. Let us not
 hesitate, then, beloved, to lay down our lives. "Whosoever will save
 his life shall lose it, but whosoever will lose his life for My sake,
 the same shall save it."
 "Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone;
 but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit."
 The apostleship of the Gentiles was committed specially to Paul. And as
 the Gospel of Christ is intended for the salvation not of the Jews
 only, but of all mankind who are willing to accept the conditions, we
 find in the writings of this apostle, perhaps, a more complete
 exposition and expansion of the teachings of the Lord Jesus than in any
 other inspired author. Jesus gave the concise germinal principles of
 all gospel truth; and Paul deduces from these principles their logical
 consequences and develops them, under the inspiration of the Holy
 Spirit, into those wonderful epistles to the churches, which, though as
 Peter well observes containing some things hard to be understood, are
 no doubt destined, nevertheless, in the future as in the past, to form
 a large part both of the foundation and framework of every system of
 theological doctrine. How wondrous, for instance, is the scheme of
 redemption as unfolded to us in the Epistle to the Romans! How profound
 and how exalted is the spirituality of the Ephesians and Colossians!
 How pure and how practical are the directions to the Corinthians! What
 a counter-blast to all legality in the church do we have in Galatians!
 What a marvelous unfolding of Old Testament typology in the Hebrews!
 What a guidebook of unequalled excellency for ministers of all times in
 the pastoral epistles!
 In the Epistle to the Romans, Paul regards mankind under the two
 divisions of the Gentile and the Jew, and proceeds to show that both
 classes alike had failed in their efforts to attain to righteousness
 and salvation.
 The Gentile, it is true, had not been favored with an outward
 revelation, but he had been permitted to behold the outward universe,
 and to know that it had a Creator "of eternal power and divinity." He
 had also had a conscience within him, and so much light as rendered him
 an accountable being, with a sense of obligation to a supreme power,
 and furnishing another proof of the existence of a personal God. But
 the Apostle tells us that they, the Gentiles, did not like to retain
 God in their knowledge. They wickedly extinguished the light which He
 had given them, because they were not willing to give up their
 immoralities. And as their hearts became more corrupt, their intellects
 also were darkened, and in their senselessness they changed the glory
 of the incorruptible God into the baser image of "birds and four-footed
 beasts and creeping things." They sank into the grossest idolatry and
 licentiousness and all wickedness. This picture drawn in colors which
 shock our sensibilities, in the first chapter of Romans, is confirmed
 by the authentic writings of heathen historians, and this in all
 particulars, Paul says, "They are without excuse, because they did not
 live up to the light which they had received, obscure and imperfect as
 it was."
 And how was it with the Jews? The advantage was, indeed, to them much
 every way, but chiefly because to them were committed the oracles of
 God. They had an outward revelation, and with it a knowledge of that
 law of God, which is holy and just and good.
 But they had failed, if possible, more grievously than the Gentiles
 themselves. They had received the law by the disposition of angels, as
 Stephen told them and had not kept it. They had had far more light than
 the Gentiles, but they had fallen into the same sins as they. They
 prided themselves on the law, and looked with contempt upon the
 Gentiles, and condemned them for their immoralities, and yet were
 guilty of similar immoralities themselves. They talked loudly about the
 words of the law. "Do not steal." "Do not commit adultery," and yet
 violated these very commands themselves. Jesus in His scathing
 denunciation of the Scribes and Pharisees, compared them to whited
 sepulchres, looking well outwardly, but within full of dead men's bones
 and all uncleanness: and He warned His disciples to beware of the
 leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy, and the leaven of the
 Sadduces, which is infidelity, and the leaven of the Herodians, which
 is worldly mindedness.
 The cause of failure was the same, both with Jew and Gentile. It was
 something that had occurred long before the division into Jew and
 Gentile had an existence. It had occurred, in short, when man fell.
 From fallen parents our entire race had inherited a fallen nature, that
 is to say, a natural proclivity towards sin. There is a disposition in
 all mankind to yield to temptation, some in one direction, some in
 another, and thus to say yes to Satan, while they also say no to God.
 This bias towards evil is sometimes called depravity or original sin.
 It is called by Paul "Our old man," "the flesh," "the carnal mind,"
 "the body of sin," and "sin that dwelleth in me." A good and convenient
 name for it is inbred sin. It is sin in the heart as distinguished from
 sin in the act. It is the inward cause of which our outward sins are
 the effects. It is the evil root of which our outward sins are the
 bitter fruits.
 Now, it was the inbred sin in the hearts of the Gentiles which caused
 them to quench the light of the knowledge of God, which they must have
 had for, at least, a generation or two after Noah came out of the ark,
 and which made them blind to the light even of natural religion,
 notwithstanding before their eyes the heavens were declaring the glory
 of God and the firmament was showing His handiwork, day unto day was
 uttering speech, and night unto night was showing knowledge. They
 forsook the knowledge of God, and He left them to their own reprobate
 minds, the result being that they sank into the grossest idolatry and
 the most beastly sensuality.
 The Jew had the unspeakable advantage of an outward revelation. He
 received through Moses the law of God, which showed him what God
 desired him to be and do, and what he ought to be and do, but which
 conferred upon him no power for being or doing what it required. It is
 like a looking-glass placed before a child to show him that his face is
 soiled, but having no power to cleanse that face. It was like a plumb-
 line applied to a leaning wall, which shows how far it deviates from
 the perpendicular, but which has no power to make it upright. Nay, it
 even comes to pass that in consequence of inbred sin, the law
 multiplies offences. It causes sin to abound. We find even in most
 children a disposition that impels them to do and to have just what
 they are told they must not do and have. That is to say, when the law
 comes in, inbred sin rises in rebellion against it.
 The workings of the sin that dwelleth in us is most vividly described
 by Paul in the seventh chapter of Romans. Over the real meaning of this
 chapter, there has been much discussion and wide differences of
 opinion. Some writers think that this is the best experience of the
 great apostle of the Gentiles, and they draw consolation from this
 fact, as well as argument, in favor of continuing to sin in thought and
 word and deed as long as they live. Others think that the apostle is
 not here describing a Christian experience at all, but the struggles of
 a Jew who is seeking the favor of God by keeping His law, but finds his
 attempts to keep it all in vain, the hindrance being inbred sin. I
 freely admit that it is not what even a justified experience ought to
 be, for God has assured us through His apostle, John, that He that is
 born of God doth not commit sin, and, therefore, notwithstanding the
 presence of inbred sin in the heart of the justified and regenerated
 believer, yet such a one, by watchfulness and prayer, may be kept from
 acts of sin and from becoming a backslider. But in point of fact, the
 seventh of Romans does describe what, in many cases, is the experience
 of the converted Christian.
 For there are many who even after a clear conversion and a joyful
 sense of God's favor, with the witness of the Spirit to their adoption,
 yet do yield to temptation under the pressure of inbred sin, and so
 pass weeks, or months or weary years in what is called an up-and-down
 experience, not becoming confirmed backsliders, but sinning and
 repenting, delighting in the law of God after the inward man, but often
 yielding to the demands of the law of sin, which is in their members,
 not losing their sonship, but losing their communion and their joy,
 often like Peter weeping bitterly over their transgressions, but
 finding that while the spirit is willing, the flesh is weak.
 I said that such a process, unsatisfactory as it is, might go on for
 years. It ends either in complete religious declension amounting,
 sometimes, to apostacy on the one hand, or infinitely better, in the
 entire sanctification of the heart and complete deliverance from inbred
 sin. And in these days of enlightenment, when the doctrine and
 experience of holiness are so plainly taught, and so generally diffused
 among the children of God, it is, at least, doubtful whether a soul can
 continue long in a state of justification, which means that it will
 either go forward to the experience of entire sanctification, or else
 it will fall into back-sliding as did some of the Corinthians, or into
 legality as did the Galatians.
 Now, legality is nothing more nor less than Judaism. It is seeking
 salvation after the pattern of the Old Testament, and not after that of
 the New. It is a matter of works, and not a matter of faith. It
 inquires "What good thing shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?"
 It is the child of the bondwoman and not that of the free. It is
 Ishmael and not Isaac. It is Sinai and not Calvary.
 And so it happens that many Christians are simply good Jews. They may
 even possess circumcised hearts, and may yet serve the Lord in the
 spirit of bondage, as did good Jews of old. They fail to realize that
 they have been called unto liberty, which liberty does not, by any
 means, signify license; it does not signify the liberty of making our
 own choices, but the liberty of accepting gladly and submissively God's
 choices; it does not mean the liberty of doing either right or wrong as
 we may prefer, but the liberty of always preferring to do right and
 never wrong, and so to spend our years on earth, doing right in all
 directions, and doing wrong in none. This, beloved, is the glorious
 liberty of the children of God.
 After the birth of Ishmael, we may well suppose that Hagar's chief
 employment in Abraham's house was to look after the said Ishmael, to
 care for him and to restrain him. Mark, it was never her business to
 care for or to restrain Isaac. He was the child of promise, the child
 of faith, the son of the lawful wife and the free woman, and when
 Ishmael's persecuting spirit broke forth at the weaning of Isaac, then
 the command was "Cast out the bond woman and her son." Both must go
 together or stay together. Ah! beloved, when inbred sin is cast out,
 there is no more need of the law either to restrain or constrain.
 Perfect love casts out fear; it also casts out sin, and becomes the
 motive power of the whole spiritual man. "The love of Christ
 constraineth us."
 So Paul shows us that both Gentiles and Jews had failed to attain unto
 the law of righteousness, because of inbred sin, which caused the
 former to put out the light which they had, and the latter to fall
 short of keeping the law, which was their only hope of salvation, but
 which was never intended by its Divine Author to save men, but to show
 them how utterly incapable they were of saving themselves.
 But Paul does not leave them there. After putting both classes of the
 human family into the same position of failure and condemnation, and
 declaring that there is no difference, "for all have sinned and come
 short of the glory of God," he adds, "Being justified fully by His
 grace, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus." When man's
 helplessness and inability have been sufficiently demonstrated, then
 God comes to his rescue. "For God hath concluded them all in unbelief,
 that He might have mercy upon all."
 Thus in the Epistle to the Romans, the apostle teaches the great
 doctrine of justification by faith and the consequent peace of
 reconciliation, the "peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ." But
 he goes farther than justification, and shows us that sanctification,
 also, is by faith and not by works. He will not be satisfied with
 anything less than the death of our old man, and the death of inbred
 sin is precisely the experience of entire sanctification. "Knowing this
 that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be
 destroyed, that, henceforth, we should not serve him."
 But we are wholly unable to destroy or do away with the body of sin by
 any resolution or will-power or effort of our own. Sin will not go
 dead at our bidding, nor can we become dead to sin by wishing or
 striving to be so. Again, we are brought face to face with our
 helplessness, but the apostle solves the problem for us by directing us
 to resort to the process of reckoning. "Likewise reckon ye, also,
 yourselves to be dead, indeed, unto sin, but alive unto God, through
 Jesus Christ, our Lord." Ah! now, our help is laid upon one that is
 mighty. "The things that are impossible with men are possible with
 God." What we reckon, with the sublime reckoning of faith, Christ can
 make real and true. We have only, therefore, to reckon ourselves to be
 dead, indeed, unto sin, and leave to Him to make the reckoning good.
 But we must not fail to reckon ourselves alive as well as dead. And to
 be alive to God means, in this connection, to be responsive to every
 intimation of His will, to love Him perfectly, to be, to do and to
 suffer joyfully all that He may determine concerning us, in short, to
 be sanctified wholly. Oh, beloved, what a blessed reckoning is the
 reckoning of faith! How vastly does it transcend all the reckonings of
 logic or mathematics. For, by it, we experience a continual deadness
 to sin, and a continual holiness of heart and life.
 For it must be clearly understood that Paul is not asking us to fancy,
 or imagine, or hypothecate. He is not telling us that if we believe a
 thing to be true, the believing will make it true. He is not persuading
 us to reckon without factors and with no result. The factors in his
 direction are God's promises and commands, alike in the Old Testament
 and in the New, urging His people to be holy, and promising to make
 them so, and our acceptance of the provision He has made for our
 cleansing, by faith, and then by the reckoning alluded to, the result
 is secured.
 In foggy or cloudy weather, mariners at sea are often compelled to
 resort to what they term dead-reckoning. Sometimes for days together,
 the sun is hidden by clouds, and no observation can be taken with the
 usual instruments for determining latitude and longitude. Then the
 captain ascertains by the compass what direction he is pursuing, and
 by the log, the rate at which the ship is sailing, and thus by marking
 out his daily advance on a chart, he is enabled, with astonishing
 accuracy, to determine when and at what point he will sight the shore
 toward which the voyage is directed. What he reckons becomes real, when
 he tells the passengers, "Within five minutes, we ought to see the
 Irish coast," followed within the specified time by the cry from the
 lookout, "Land, ho!"
 To the Christian believer, the Bible is both compass and log and chart.
 Sometimes, he enjoys the witness of the Spirit clear as the sunshine,
 assuring him that he is going in the right direction, and informing
 him as to his whereabouts in Christian experience, but when not thus
 favored, he can still move on by faith, he still has his compass and
 his chart, and he can still employ the dead-reckoning, and go forward
 with a holy trust that in due time he shall land in the heavenly port.
 Praise the Lord.
 To comment in detail upon all that the great apostle of the Gentiles
 has written in reference to entire sanctification would require a
 volume instead of a single chapter. I must, therefore, content myself
 with a few selections, and leave the reader to pursue the subject for
 himself in the inexhaustible mine of the Pauline Epistles.
 In Romans 6:13, we have the best description of consecration that is to
 be found anywhere. "Neither yield ye your members as instruments of
 unrighteousness unto sin; but yield yourselves unto God, as those that
 are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of
 righteousness unto God." And, again, in the 19th verse, "For as ye
 have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity, unto
 iniquity; even so, now, yield your members servants to righteousness,
 unto holiness."
 Here, the apostle clearly teaches us that consecration is not the same
 thing as entire sanctification. The one is an act proceeding from man
 to God, the other is an act proceeding from God to man. It is man who
 consecrates; it is God who sanctifies.
 Perfect consecration is an entire surrender of a personal human being
 to a personal God. The term members may well be understood to include
 all bodily organs and powers, all mental faculties and sensibilities,
 and all appurtenances, such as time, money, influence, culture, health,
 and, in short, the whole personal, individual man, with all his
 belongings. The surrender must be complete, absolute, unreserved and
 forever. Body, soul, spirit, time, talents, possessions, all that we
 have and all that we are must be His, wholly His, and His to all
 Such a consecration cannot be made by any one who is not already a
 Christian believer. Paul informs us, explicitly, that he is not calling
 upon sinners "dead in trespasses and sins," to consecrate themselves,
 but upon converted persons, "those who are alive from the dead." How
 thankful we ought to be that he has settled that point forever. Sinners
 may repent, but only Christians can consecrate. Whatever surrender the
 sinner may and must make in order to be saved, the believer must make a
 broader, deeper, fuller, more complete surrender of a different
 character and for a different purpose. In repentance, the sinner gives
 himself away as a dead sacrifice, and his purpose is to receive pardon
 and life. In consecration, the Christian yields to God his living and
 regenerated faculties and powers, and his purpose is that he may be
 sanctified wholly, filled with the Spirit, and used to the utmost
 extent of his capacity for the glory of God.
 Consecration does not mean the giving up of our sins, or vices, or
 depraved appetites, or forbidden indulgences. We cannot consecrate our
 alcohol, or our tobacco, or our opium, or our card-playing, or
 dancing, or theater-going to God. He wants none of these things. All
 actual and known sins must be abandoned at conversion. Our consecration
 is for a deeper work, that is to say, for the removal of inbred sin,
 which, after all, is not accomplished by our consecration, though that
 is an essential preliminary, but by the baptism with the Holy Ghost
 and fire.
 The essence of consecration is in the sentence, "Yield yourselves unto
 God." When you yield yourselves, you yield everything else. All the
 details are included in the one surrender of yourself. Changing the
 emphasis, we may read again, "Yield yourselves unto God." Consecration
 is not to God's service, not to His work, not to a life of obedience
 and sacrifice, not to the church, not to the Christian Endeavor, not to
 the missionary cause, nor even to the cause of God; it is to God
 Himself. "Yield yourselves unto God." Your work, your service, your
 obedience, your sacrifice, your right place and your allotted duty will
 all follow in good time.
 Consecration is the willingness, and the resolution and the purpose to
 be, to do, and to suffer all God's will. Its essence, already given in
 the words of Paul, is given also in the words of the Saviour. "Not My
 will but Thine be, done," which is beautifully versified by Frances
 Ridley Havergal, in the couplet,
 "Take my will and make it thine,
 It shall be no longer mine."
 Consecration being a definite transaction, and made once for all, does
 not need to be repeated unless we have failed to keep it. To consecrate
 over and over again is like a husband and wife marrying over and over
 again. We are consecrated just as we are married. The vow is upon us,
 and in the force of that vow, we walk all our days. All we have to do is
 to remember day by day that we are wholly the Lord's, and see to it that
 nothing is taken from the altar. Those who have kept their consecration
 complete should testify to its maintenance upon all suitable occasions,
 and never deny it by word, deed or silence.
 Many years ago, I saw a form of consecration in an English periodical,
 which is here given very slightly modified, and which has been adopted
 by many. Let all my readers unite with the author in entering into this
 personal yielding to God.
 I am willing
 To receive what Thou givest,
 To lack what Thou withholdest,
 To relinquish what Thou takest,
 To suffer what Thou inflictest,
 To be what Thou requirest,
 To do what Thou commandest.
 In this connection, we may add that when the consecration is complete,
 it becomes, comparatively, an easy matter to believe. Entire
 sanctification like justification, and, indeed, all other gospel
 blessings and experiences, is to be received by faith. But so long as
 the surrender to God is not complete, faith refuses to act.
 When all obstructions are removed by an act of heartfelt and sincere
 consecration, then it becomes as natural and as easy to believe as it
 is to breathe, after everything that hinders breathing is removed from
 the air passages. We hear much complaint among Christians of a want of
 faith. If they only had more faith, they imagine that all would be
 well. When the disciples of old asked Jesus to increase their faith, He
 told them, in effect, to use what they had. If it were only a mustard-
 seed faith, He assured them that it would remove mountains. And we may
 justly conclude that the difficulty with most seekers after entire
 sanctification is not in a want of faith so much as in an incomplete
 surrender. The carnal mind dies very hard. It attaches itself to one
 worldly thing or another, and refuses to be sundered from what it
 loves, and while this is the case, the individual cannot believe that
 God gives him the unspeakable blessing of heart purity. But when all
 the preliminaries have been attended to, and there is nothing else
 needed but to trust in Jesus, then faith can appropriate His promises,
 and in so doing realize their fulfillment.
 Another class of seekers is very much concerned about the witness of
 the Spirit to assure them that the blessing has been received. Probably
 in these cases the very point that has not yet been consecrated to God
 is the feeling, or the witness, which they so much desire. "It often
 happens," says Dr. G. D. Watson, "that a patient, who has been cured of
 some contagious disease, has to have a certificate on leaving the
 hospital. In such a case the certificate does not cure him, but
 certifies that he is cured. How absurd for a patient just entering the
 hospital to clamor for his health certificate before receiving the
 doctor and taking the remedies. In like manner, it is useless for a
 seeking soul to be clamoring for the witness and waiting for the
 feeling before receiving Jesus and fully trusting Him for the cure. We
 are not to trust in the experience, but the Saviour who imparts the
 Let us now return to Paul. In his first epistle to the Corinthians,
 second and third chapters, he tells us of three classes of persons: the
 natural man, the spiritual man, and the babe in Christ. The natural
 man, he tells us, receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God; they
 are foolishness unto him; neither can he know them, because they are
 spiritually discerned. Such is a description of the unregenerate
 wherever and whenever they are found. Their standard of judgment is not
 that of the Holy Spirit. They are blind to the truth of God and deaf to
 the story of salvation. Being without spiritual life they are, of
 course, without spiritual judgment. And yet, just such persons are in
 all our churches, and the number is by no means small. And often it
 strangely happens that these are the very individuals who are
 noticeably forward in expressing their opinions on the right way of
 managing a church. Fine and costly edifices, artistic music,
 entertainments and theatricals, eloquent preaching or lecturing,
 something to be proud of and to draw the crowd--these are the things
 which in their view make the church of their choice a success; but as
 for the conversion of sinners, as for the spread of the gospel at home
 and abroad, as for the sanctifying of believers, as for the things of
 the Spirit of God, they are foolishness unto them. What they need is a
 deep and pungent conviction, a true repentance, a living faith and a
 sound conversion. May God hasten it in His time.
 "He that is spiritual," says our apostle, "judgeth or discerneth all
 things, yet he himself is judged or discerned of no man." The spiritual
 man is the man who has been baptized with the Spirit and filled with
 the Spirit, and in whom the Spirit abides as an ever-present Guide,
 Comforter and Friend. In short, he is the man who is wholly sanctified
 and saved to the uttermost. I should not, of course, affirm that such a
 one is always remarkable for depth or soundness of judgment, for, as
 his religion is in his heart rather than in his head, the heart may be
 perfect while the head may be weak. And yet holiness, or rather the
 Holy Spirit dwelling in the heart, does have a wonderfully illuminating
 influence upon the understanding. And the spiritual man, however many
 things he may be ignorant of, does understand the condition of the
 natural man, because he has been there, while he is not understood by
 the natural man because the latter has not been where he is. And the
 same is true of the relation of the spiritual man to the carnal
 Christian or babe in Christ. He, also, is understood by one who has the
 Spirit, while he is himself incapable of judging or discerning the
 position of the latter.
 Paul assures the Corinthians that they are "yet carnal," and still he
 asserts that they are "babes in Christ." Such persons, and their name
 is legion in all denominations of Christians, are not wholly natural,
 neither are they wholly spiritual. They are babes in Christ, and,
 therefore, they may thank God that they are in Christ. They are
 converted, they are believers, they are disciples, they are justified;
 but they are not wholly sanctified, and not wholly delivered from the
 carnal mind. Their state is a mixed one, partly spiritual, partly
 Oh, let such as these make an immediate and complete and irrevocable
 consecration to God, and let them ask for the baptism with the Holy
 Ghost and receive Him by faith in His sanctifying and empowering
 offices, that so they may become, not partly, but wholly spiritual. Oh,
 that spiritual men and women may increase and abound in all our
 churches. Amen.
 In 2 Corinthians, 7:1, the apostle of the Gentiles bases the
 experience of entire sanctification on the glorious promises of God.
 "Having, therefore, these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse
 ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting
 holiness in the fear of God." To cleanse ourselves is shown by the
 Greek tense to be an act done definitely and once for all. It means,
 therefore, to put ourselves under the conditions of cleansing by a
 definite act of consecration to God. It means to place ourselves in
 co-operation with the Holy Spirit, who is distinctively the Sanctifier
 and Cleanser. It means, also, that we are to seek and find the baptism
 with the Holy Ghost and with fire, in order that our hearts may be
 purified by faith, and then to continually avoid all sources of
 temptation and all incentives to evil, so far as we may; and
 continuously realize and experience the holiness which Christ has
 instantaneously wrought in our souls through His Holy Spirit.
 Filthiness of the flesh signifies undue indulgence of sensual
 appetites, as in gluttony, drunkenness and licentiousness, which was
 probably very prevalent at Corinth. Filthiness of the spirit is
 illustrated by idolatry and pride, nor must we forget that the spirit
 is often polluted also through pampering the body.
 Paul's wonderful prayer in Ephesians 3:14-21, has been so admirably
 treated of by Dr. Daniel Steele, that I shall content myself with
 referring the reader to his book on "Love Enthroned," page 123, and
 pass on. A single remark, however, may properly be made. That prayer,
 undoubtedly, embodies all that we mean by entire sanctification and the
 filling of the Spirit and more.
 In 1 Thess. 5:23, we have another prayer of the great apostle in which
 entire sanctification is expressly petitioned for. "And the very God of
 peace sanctify you wholly: and I pray God your whole spirit and soul
 and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus
 Christ. Faithful is he that calleth you, who also will do it." The very
 form of the expression in the first clause indicates that it is
 possible to be sanctified wholly and possible to be sanctified
 partially. All Christians are cleansed from the pollution of sins
 committed, that is to say, from the pollution they have acquired by
 actually sinning. And thus the Corinthians are addressed by Paul as
 sanctified, although, manifestly, many of them were not holy in heart
 and life. On the other hand, the apostle prays that the Thessalonians
 may be sanctified wholly, although as a church they were already in a
 healthy and prosperous condition, the only exception being a few
 members who were too neglectful of their outward business and too much
 disposed to be busy-bodies. So we may conclude, without hesitation,
 that all Christians are partially sanctified, while many good
 Christians are not wholly sanctified.
 But provision was made in the gospel for the entire sanctification of
 all believers, otherwise Paul would not have prayed for it. And not
 only for their entire sanctification as a definite, instantaneous act
 of God, as shown by the Greek tense, but, also, for their continual
 preservation in blamelessness, though not in faultlessness, until the
 coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. And lest they should stagger through
 unbelief he adds, "Faithful is He that calleth you. You are not to do
 it. He will do it for He is able."
 And this experience extends to the whole man, the spirit which takes
 hold of and communes with God, the soul with its emotions, affections,
 desires and volitions; the body with its appetites and its powers all
 made holy and preserved holy. Glory!
 One more citation only and I will leave the reader to his own
 researches in the rich storehouse of the Pauline writings. Taking it
 for granted that Paul is the author of the Hebrews, let us read chapter
 7:25 of that profound epistle. "Wherefore, he is able, also, to save
 them to the uttermost that come unto God by Him, seeing He ever liveth
 to make intercession for them." To the uttermost refers, undoubtedly,
 not only to time but to quantity. It means entirely, perfectly,
 altogether, through and through. And if he is able he is also willing.
 Oh, that all my readers, with the writer, may praise God now and
 evermore for salvation from the uttermost to the uttermost. Amen.
 In the first place, Peter sanctioned all the writings of his beloved
 brother, Paul, and this probably at a period when Paul was either dead
 or separated from his ministerial work by imprisonment. There is a
 tradition that both the apostles were put to death on the same day at
 Rome, the one by crucifixion, choosing himself to have his head
 downward because unworthy to die just like his Master--the other by
 beheading, because he was a Roman citizen, which was deemed, at Rome,
 too honorable a position to be subjected to the ignominious death of
 the cross. Even if this should be true, yet Peter's second epistle, in
 which he endorses Paul's teachings, and gives to his writings the same
 authority as to the rest of the Bible, seems to have been written but a
 short time previous to his own martyrdom. The mature judgment of
 Peter, therefore, was that Paul was an inspired writer of Scripture,
 and that what he had given to the churches through his epistles, and
 left as a permanent legacy for the church universal, is to be received
 as gospel truth. And this will apply to his copious and frequent
 allusions to entire sanctification, as well as to the various other
 subjects treated of by his inspired pen. On the subject of holiness,
 therefore, Peter and Paul are as one; and we need not be surprised that
 in the very first sentence of his first epistle, he addresses the
 Christians of the Jewish dispersion in Asia Minor--though by no means
 excluding the Gentile converts--as elect according to the fore-
 knowledge (not predestination) of God the Father through sanctification
 of the Spirit, which must include entire as well as partial
 sanctification, unto (not unconditional happiness or misery,) but unto
 obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ. Thus, in one
 grand outburst of salutation from his glowing heart, he associates
 sanctification of the Spirit, the blood of sprinkling, and the
 obedience of faith. Neither Peter nor Paul stops in the midst of his
 earnest appeals to men's hearts, in order to give a lecture on
 Systematic Theology, but both scatter seed-thoughts all over their
 inspired pages, which are abundant in fruitage to the candid and
 reflecting mind. And right here we remark that Paul to the
 Thessalonians employs the same expression, sanctification of the
 spirit, in connection with belief of the truth, and thus putting the
 apostle of the circumcision by the side of the apostle of the
 uncircumcision we have sanctification by the blood of Jesus,
 sanctification by faith, sanctification by the Holy Ghost, and even in
 a subordinate sense, sanctification by obedience, and all this without
 the slightest inconsistency or contradiction.
 And as Peter starts out by calling God's people to holiness, he
 continues by reminding them that their hope is to be fixed upon "an
 inheritance incorruptible and undefiled and that fadeth not away,
 reserved in heaven for you." What more natural than that those who are
 expecting to inherit a holy heaven, should themselves seek while here
 to become a holy people? Surely we should desire a meetness for our
 inheritance as well as a title to it.
 After speaking of the "trial of their faith being much more precious
 than of gold which perisheth," the apostle utters forth an imperious
 call to entire sanctification. "But as He which hath called you is
 holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation; because it is
 written, Be ye holy, for I am holy." Thus he quotes from the words of
 the great lawgiver in Leviticus--that Moses, whom all Jews have
 delighted to honor, and shows at a glance that the Old Testament, as
 well as the New, bears witness to the holiness of God, and makes that
 fact a sufficient reason for the command and requirement that His
 people should be holy, also.
 Our Heavenly Father, then, is a holy God and dwells in a holy heaven.
 Is it not most reasonable and most fit that He should require all who
 are to dwell with Him forever in that holy place, to be holy also? And
 in order to find an abundant entrance into that everlasting kingdom,
 we must be made holy while still clothed in flesh and sojourning upon
 earth. Nothing that is not already pure and holy can pass through the
 gates of pearl into the eternal city, the New Jerusalem.
 Holiness is what constitutes the family likeness between our Father in
 heaven and His children both on earth and in heaven. A lady was
 accosted in the streets of a western city by a stranger, who asked her
 if she was not the daughter of such a one, naming him. She replied,
 with some surprise at the question, in the affirmative. "I knew you,"
 said the gentleman, "by your resemblance to your father who was my
 particular friend twenty-five years ago, away back in the State of
 Maine." And the lady was delighted that the lineaments of her father's
 countenance were so impressed upon her own that she should thus be
 recognized even by one who had never seen her before as her father's
 Ah! beloved, have we the likeness of our Heavenly Father so imprinted
 upon our faces and upon our walk and upon our conversation that all who
 know Him shall recognize His features in us? Oh, for more of the family
 likeness which shall stamp us as sons of God wherever we are and
 whatever we do. "Be ye holy, for I am holy."
 In comparison with the precious "blood of Christ" Peter characterizes
 silver and gold, which men call precious metals, as "corruptible
 things," and then gives the striking exhortation, "Seeing ye have
 purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto
 unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a
 pure heart fervently," and all this on the basis of the new birth which
 they had already received "of the incorruptible seed by the word of
 Why, Peter, although a fisherman and an unlearned and ignorant man, yet
 when thou writest under the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, it is almost
 as hard to keep up with thee as with thy beloved brother, Paul!
 See how holiness is, as it were, piled up and repeated in various ways
 in the sentence quoted above. (1), "Ye have purified your souls." Yes,
 and it was Peter who spoke before the council at Jerusalem in reference
 to Cornelius and his household, and said that God "put no difference
 between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith." The word
 "purify" is derived from a Greek root which means "fire." Souls are
 purified by the fire of the Holy Spirit, and the result is a continual
 "obeying the truth," and (2), the positive side of this purification
 is "unfeigned love of the brethren," and this is love with a pure heart
 and fervent, the same love which John calls perfect love, and the
 standard of which is in the words of the Lord Jesus, "As I have loved
 you that ye also love one another."
 Was ever more holiness crowded into a single verse? Peter had never
 been to a Theological Seminary, but he had listened through three
 eventful years to the blessed teachings of the Lord Jesus, and he had
 been filled with the Holy Ghost on the day of Pentecost, and without
 aiming at system or explanation, he has compressed more sound theology
 into a single verse than we find in many a voluminous treatise and many
 a lengthy commentary and many an eloquent sermon.
 And then in the rapturous eloquence of inspiration he tells us how to
 grow in grace. "Wherefore, laying aside all malice and all guile, and
 hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings, as newborn babes
 desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby," and his
 last exhortation at the end of the second epistle is, "But grow in
 grace and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ."
 Peter, by no means, teaches us that we grow into grace, or that we grow
 into entire sanctification. We first become receivers, and get grace
 before we can grow in it, and we must first receive entire
 sanctification before we can grow in it. Like all other gospel
 blessings, this is the gift of God, and is forever, therefore,
 unobtainable by any process of growth. But Peter says in effect, in
 order to grow in grace you must do two things. (1), Lay aside
 everything that hinders growth, specifying malice, guile, hypocrisies,
 envies, evil speakings. Now it is plain as the sun at noon-day that all
 these things are the fruits of the carnal mind. And so in a single
 thought the exhortation is to lay aside, or put off, or give up to
 destruction, the depravity of our nature, the inbred sin which doth so
 easily beset, and which so long as it exists, will be an insuperable
 hindrance to all rapid and symmetrical growth, and (2) desire, and of
 course, partake of the sincere milk of the word. Ah, here is wisdom,
 the secret of successful growth, in the spiritual as in the natural
 world, is first to become healthy, and then to take plenty of
 nourishment. Holiness is spiritual health, and implies the absence of
 inbred sin which is always spiritual disease. The child that is healthy
 and gets plenty of pure milk will grow and develop rapidly. The time
 will soon come when he can eat and digest meat and still strengthen and
 expand his physical organism on this richer diet, and thus he will
 finally become a large and strong man. But the child may be healthy and
 still not grow because it is starving for want of food. Or, it may have
 plenty of the most wholesome food and still not grow because disease
 prevents it from assimilating the nourishment. Sound health and plenty
 of food, with proper exercise, are the essentials of the right kind of
 growth. Now the Holy Bible contains not only milk for babes, but strong
 meat for strong men. It has been remarked by another that if Christians
 would be giants they must eat giants' food. And the essential requisite
 for appropriating either the milk or the meat is to have a sound
 spiritual constitution and that means simply entire sanctification.
 Peter is right again. We grow by the sincere milk of the word after we
 have gotten rid of that which always and everywhere obstructs true
 Of course my reader will not understand me to say, any more than Peter
 himself says, that we experience growth in grace simply by a head
 knowledge of the Holy Scriptures. I do not forget that it is not the
 written word but the Eternal Word, the Lord Jesus Christ Himself, who
 is the bread of life. Nor do I forget that we feed upon His broken body
 and His shed blood, not by intellect, not by reason, not by culture,
 not by learning, but by faith.
 But after all it is the Bible, or rather it is Bible truth, whether
 presented on the pages of inspiration or in the preached word, which is
 the great instrumentality employed by the Holy Spirit, in bringing men
 to Christ, and in feeding and nourishing and strengthening and edifying
 the church which has thus been gathered to Him. And so both Peter in
 speaking about the "sincere milk of the word," and Paul in referring to
 the "strong meat," by which term he characterizes the deeper spiritual
 truths of revelation, are leading us to Jesus, the true bread, the
 living bread, the bread of life.
 Our apostle passes next to a most glowing description of the Christian
 priesthood, and again the leading idea of holiness flashes from his
 pen, "Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an
 holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God by
 Jesus Christ." Again, "Ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood,
 an holy nation, a peculiar people." Here is our title of nobility,
 beloved, and who of us would exchange it for an earldom, or a dukedom
 or a kingdom? Not I at least.
 The Jews of old received spiritual blessing very largely, and even
 temporal blessing also, through the mediation of an outward priesthood.
 And the family of priests were chosen and ordained of God Himself. "No
 man taketh this honor unto himself but he that is called of God, as was
 But under the Christian dispensation all God's saved people are priests
 as well as kings, and the sacrifices which they offer are spiritual
 sacrifices, the body as a living sacrifice to be consumed like a whole
 burnt offering in His service, "the fruit of the lips giving thanks to
 His name," and the doing good and communicating, that is to say, a life
 rich in faith and good works, such are the sacrifices with which God is
 well pleased. But to be a Christian priest in the sense here described
 must involve and does involve the idea of entire sanctification.
 Peter's words will not allow us to doubt that the priesthood of
 believers is a "holy priesthood."
 Afterwards, the chief of the apostles exhorts his readers to take ill
 treatment patiently when they have to suffer, not for doing wrong but
 for doing well, and reminds us of the example of Christ, "Who did no
 sin, neither was guile found in His mouth; who when He was reviled,
 reviled not again; when He suffered, He threatened not, but committed
 Himself to Him that judgeth righteously; who His own self bare our sins
 in His own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live
 unto righteousness," winding up with a terse expression of the great
 doctrine of the atonement "by whose stripes ye were healed."
 Paul would have us "dead to sin" by reckoning. Peter would have us
 "dead to sins" by making no response to the suggestions of Satan or the
 temptations which he may present to us. To be dead either to sin within
 us or to sins without us, implies holiness of heart, that is, entire
 sanctification. Praise the Lord for the perfect agreement of His two
 great apostles in regard to this glorious doctrine.
 Still further, Peter speaks of the "holy women" of old, and exhorts
 Christian women to be like them, particularly in adorning themselves
 not with gay attire, but with inward and spiritual graces. And in his
 second epistle, he alludes to "holy men of God," speaking through the
 Old Testament as they were moved by the Holy Ghost. And here we have
 the best possible definition of inspiration, in regard to which volumes
 have been written, and very different views expressed by equally
 learned and candid men. But what can be more satisfactory to the
 humble, Christian mind than just to feel that when he reads his Bible,
 he is perusing the words of "holy men of God who spake as they were
 moved by the Holy Ghost." Such a mind will find no difficulty about
 In the last chapter of his second epistle, Peter rebukes the unbelief
 of the scoffers, who then believed, and whose successors still believe
 that the present order of the material universe will continue for an
 indefinite period, if not, indeed, forever. He assures us that the Lord
 has not forgotten, that He is not slack concerning His promises, but
 that the very reason why the sinful world has been spared so long is
 because of God's long suffering and mercy, "not willing that any should
 perish, but that all should come to repentance." And, then, having
 declared that the heavens and the earth which are now, are reserved
 unto fire, that the day of the Lord shall come as a thief in the night,
 that the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the
 works that are therein shall be burned up, he exclaims with most
 appropriate words, "Seeing then, that all these things shall be
 dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy
 conversation and godliness," and this in order "that ye may be found of
 Him in peace, without spot and blameless."
 Praise the Lord for the doctrine of entire sanctification as taught by
 the apostle of the circumcision. Amen.
 John, before Pentecost, was emphatically a Son of Thunder. He could
 forbid a man to cast out devils in the name of Jesus, because the man
 was not of his own particular fold. He was ready to imitate Elijah by
 calling down fire from heaven to destroy the Samaritans who would not
 extend the rites of hospitality to his Master. He was eager to have the
 highest possible place in the coming kingdom of his Lord, and this at
 whatever cost. But after Pentecost, John was <i>par excellence</i> the
 apostle of love. Not that his character became anything like putty. He
 could still rebuke evil and denounce Diotrephes, and forbid the elect
 lady to receive or countenance any who did not uphold the true, sound
 doctrines of the gospel. He was still a son of thunder against heresy
 and immorality, but he was preeminently, after his baptism with the
 Holy Ghost, a son of consolation. His soul seems absolutely absorbed in
 the love of God, and his exhortations to the churches, seemed all to
 concentrate in two special points, love God and love one another. His
 heart was made perfect in love on the day of Pentecost, and he never
 lost the blessed experience. He retained the blessing because he
 retained the Blesser. The Holy Comforter was his abiding guest and
 The gospel of John contains many of the most profound and spiritual
 truths that ever fell from the lips of the Lord Jesus. And the only
 distinction which John accords to himself, and that always with the
 greatest modesty and humility, is "the disciple whom Jesus loved."
 He begins his gospel with a sublime assertion of the Deity and
 preëxistence of Christ as the Eternal Word, then tells of the
 incarnation, how the Word became flesh, and we beheld His glory, how
 although He was the Light of the world, yet the world knew Him not, and
 though He came unto His own (the Jews) yet His own received Him not,
 but as many as did receive Him, whether Jews or Gentiles, to them gave
 He power to become the children of God, and this through a new birth,
 not of human blood, or title, or pedigree, not of man in any way
 whatever, but of God. It is not sufficient, therefore, to be a child of
 God by creation, which, indeed, all men are, but by adoption, by the
 reception of the Divine nature by birth. And this new birth is more
 fully unfolded to the Jewish Sanhedrist, Nicodemus, both as to its
 necessity and its nature. "Ye must be born again." "The Son of man must
 be lifted up." The new birth is of water and the Spirit. The water is
 the water of life, the gospel offered freely to all, with its cleansing
 and refreshing and vivifying properties so well symbolized by water,
 and the Holy Spirit is the effective personal agent by whom the
 regeneration is wrought in the heart of the penitent sinner, though His
 operations may be as inexplicable as the wind, which bloweth where it
 listeth, and is known only by its results. Then we have the hinge-text
 of salvation, "God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten
 Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish but have eternal
 life." Thus, in this marvelous discourse with Nicodemus, we have God's
 love or God's grace as the source of our salvation, Christ crucified as
 the ground of it, and the Holy Spirit as the Divine Agent of its
 accomplishment. Glory be to the Triune God.
 Not only the discourse of our Lord with Nicodemus on the new birth, but
 His discourse, also, with the woman of Samaria on true worship is given
 by John alone. It is remarkable that not to a Jewish Rabbi, not to the
 Scribes and Pharisees, not to a Jew at all, but to a heathen or semi-
 heathen woman, Jesus made the first recorded, positive declaration of
 His Messiahship, and showed her that as God is a Spirit, so they that
 worship Him must do so, not in any specific locality, such as Jerusalem
 or Mount Gerizim, and not by any prescribed form or any outward ritual,
 but in spirit and in truth. No wonder that her heart was immediately
 and completely captivated by so grand and glorious a revelation, and
 that, at once, she left her waterpot and went her way to become a
 preacher of righteousness to her fellow-townsmen.
 Passing over the fifth chapter, with the appeal to the Jews to search
 the Scriptures and the assurance that they testified of Him; and the
 sixth chapter, with its story of complete self-abnegation, when after a
 stupendous miracle, the people were disposed to take Him by force and
 make Him a king, but He departed into a mountain Himself alone, and the
 next day, the wonderful discourse upon the bread of life, which sifted
 away from Him a large proportion of those who had been so ready to
 proclaim Him King, and brought out of the core of His heart those
 pathetic words to the twelve, "Will ye also go away?", we come to the
 seventh chapter and the feast of Tabernacles, at which, on the occasion
 of the priest pouring water from the pool of Siloam, out of a golden
 pitcher into a trumpet-shaped receptacle above the altar, amid the
 rejoicings of the people, Jesus stood and cried, "If any man thirst let
 him come unto Me and drink." "He that believeth on Me, as the Scripture
 hath said, from within him shall flow rivers of living water." The
 Scripture referred to is, probably, Isaiah 58:11, and, perhaps, other
 similar passages. "And the Lord shalt guide thee continually, and
 satisfy thy soul in drought, and make fat thy bones, and thou shalt be
 like a watered garden and like a spring of water, whose waters fail
 But the beloved disciple himself gives us an extremely valuable
 inspired commentary on these words of the Lord Jesus, in order that
 readers in all ages might make the true spiritual application which is
 intended by them. "But this spake He of the Spirit which they that
 believe on Him should receive, for the Holy Ghost was not yet given,
 because that Jesus was not yet glorified." These remarkable words seem
 to clearly imply that notwithstanding the presence and operation of the
 Spirit in the former dispensations of God's grace, yet He was to be
 poured out on all God's children under the gospel in a sense and to an
 extent, which so far transcends the highest manifestation of His power
 in Old Testament times that in comparison it is said the Holy Ghost was
 not yet given, or, literally, the Holy Ghost was not yet. And this
 wondrous outpouring was to be after the glorification of Jesus and as a
 consequence of that glorification. So that Pentecost, with its untold
 wealth of privilege, could not be realized till after the death,
 resurrection and ascension of the Lord Jesus Christ.
 And we are clearly informed that what the church of the hundred and
 twenty received on the day of Pentecost, namely, the purifying of their
 hearts by faith and the enduement of power, that is to say, entire
 sanctification, with all its blessed accompaniments, was not a
 privilege confined to apostolic times, and to the opening of the Holy
 Ghost dispensation; for Peter boldly assured the wondering multitude
 that the promise of the same blessed experience "is to you and to your
 children and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God
 shall call." And thus it is for the church and for every individual
 believer, until Christ Himself shall come again. God help all
 Christians everywhere to see and to believe and to realize it. Amen.
 In the eighth chapter, we are told how Jesus showed the slavery of sin.
 "Every one that committeth sin is the bond-servant of sin," and coupled
 with this the glorious announcement that, "If the Son, therefore, shall
 make you free, ye shall be free indeed." Yes, Jesus came to free us not
 simply from the guilt and the condemnation and the penalty of sin, but
 from that which brings guilt and condemnation and penalty, even from
 sin itself.
 Here is true Christian liberty, and it does not mean license, it does
 not mean do as you please, it does not mean the liberty of making your
 own choices, but it does mean be pleased with what pleases God, and in
 this manner after all you will do as you please, it means the glad
 acceptance of God's choices. And so, after all, you do have your own
 way because it is God's way, it means liberty and choice to do
 everything right and nothing wrong, or to do right in all directions
 and wrong in none. May God bring all His children out of slavery and
 into freedom for Jesus' sake.
 In the memorable discourse of the Lord Jesus with His disciples at the
 last supper, as given by John in the 14th, 15th and 16th chapters of
 his gospel, He told them of the blessed Comforter, "which is the Holy
 Ghost," whom the Father would send in His name, and as to the method of
 His coming He says, "If a man love Me, he will keep My words; and My
 Father will love him, and We will come unto him and make Our abode with
 him." Here, I think, beyond a doubt, that the "We" refers to the Father
 and the Son, and the manner of Their coming and indwelling in the heart
 of the believer is through Their representative, the Holy Spirit. And
 if this be true, how is it possible that such a heart in which Father,
 Son and Holy Ghost abide, should not be sanctified wholly?
 In his first Epistle, the beloved apostle develops beautifully the
 doctrine of perfect love. He declares that God's children must not walk
 in darkness or sin, and that those who do so cannot, truthfully, claim
 to have fellowship with Him. "But if we walk in the light, as He is in
 the light, we have fellowship one with another," (which implies
 fellowship with God) "and the blood of Jesus Christ, His Son, cleanseth
 from all sin."
 This is a very striking and all-important statement. The verb is in
 the present tense, and denotes a present and a continuous action. It
 cleanseth persistently and continuously. You trust in Jesus this
 moment, and the blood cleanseth now, another moment and it cleanseth,
 and thus on, without intermission or cessation. And the cleansing is
 from all sin, sin committed and sin inbred, sin in act, word or
 thought, sin outward and sin inward, sin open and sin secret, sin of
 knowledge and sin of ignorance, literally and truly all sin. If this
 does not mean entire sanctification, what use is there in language as
 an expression of thought? Surely none.
 But the objection is strongly urged by some that the next verse assures
 us that "If we say that we have no sin we deceive ourselves and the
 truth is not in us." But why sunder this verse from its appropriate
 connections? Were there not Pharisees in the time of Christ who would
 not admit that they were sinners, and would not accept the baptism of
 repentance from John the Baptist? And did not the Apostle John live to
 see the germs of incipient gnosticism showing themselves in the church,
 assuming, like modern Christian science, that all evil is in matter,
 the soul is immaculate, and some Gnostics even believing that it was
 possible to have fellowship with God while living in all kinds of
 sensual indulgence and licentiousness, and moreover denying the reality
 of the incarnation of Christ, as also of the crucifixion and
 resurrection? These were the Docetists or Phantasiasts, so well
 described by Longfellow:
 "Ah, to how many faith has been
 No evidence of things unseen,
 But a dim shadow, which recasts
 The creed of the Phantasiasts,
 For whom no man of sorrows died:
 For whom the tragedy divine
 Was but a symbol and a sign,
 And Christ a phantom crucified."
 Now John in the passage referred to, tells us that on certain
 conditions it is possible to experience through the blood of Christ,
 which means simply the merits of His atoning and vicarious sacrifice, a
 complete cleansing from all sin, and then turning to those who deny
 that they are sinners, he exclaims, and if we say that we have no sin,
 and therefore do not need this cleansing, and can do without this
 atonement, then we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. How
 much more rational is such an interpretation than the exposition which
 makes one verse contradict the other, and represents the apostle as
 first assuring us that we may be cleansed from all sin, and then
 declaring in effect. "But be sure to remember that this cleansing is
 never really affected, and you are never really without sin."
 There are so many rich and blessed teachings in this epistle that we
 must needs make selection and leave many passages to be carefully and
 prayerfully pondered by the reader, with the assurance that there is
 very much gold to be found for the digging; but we would call attention
 in a special manner to John's description of perfect love. "There is no
 fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear, because fear hath
 torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love."
 It is clearly to be inferred from these expressions that whilst all
 Christians do and must love God, yet there is a stage denominated
 perfect love, which many Christians have not yet reached. And this
 stage of religious experience is marked distinctly by the absence of
 fear. Most certainly our apostle does not mean for us to understand
 that we shall ever get beyond that reverential and filial fear, which
 is the right and proper accompaniment of our childlike relation to our
 Heavenly Father. But he specially describes the fear that will be
 gotten rid of as tormenting fear, and this fear he declares that
 "perfect love casteth out." Now we can readily see the reasonableness
 of this statement. Fear about the future, whether as to temporal or
 spiritual things, fear of evil tidings, fear of man, fear of death, in
 short, all tormenting fear is caused by the presence of inbred sin. As
 a matter of course, therefore, when sin is cast out, fear is cast out
 with it. Now perfect love is the positive side of entire
 sanctification; it implies the absence of inbred sin and the unmixed
 love of God occupying the soul. Such love, therefore, most truly must
 cast out fear.
 The impenitent sinner neither fears nor loves God. The awakened sinner
 fears him, but does not love Him. The justified believer both fears and
 loves. Sometimes the fear is in the ascendant and sometimes the love.
 The entirely sanctified believer loves with all his heart, and has no
 tormenting fear. Praise the Lord.
 And the beloved apostle instructs us also as to the method of obtaining
 the blessing of perfect love. It is by the prayer of faith, and the
 prayer of faith involves the idea of a preceding entire consecration.
 "For," says John, "if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our
 heart," which probably signifies that He also will condemn us, and,
 therefore, we cannot utter a believing prayer for such a blessing as
 entire sanctification while we are not wholly given up to the Lord, for
 while that is our case, our heart will continue to condemn us.
 But he continues, "If our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence
 towards God." And again, "This is the confidence that we have in Him,
 that if we ask anything according to His will, He heareth us; and if we
 know that He hear us, whatsoever we ask we know that we have the
 petitions that we desired of Him."
 Nowhere is the philosophy of the plan of full salvation more
 beautifully portrayed than in these precious words. We are shown here
 that (1), the seeker of entire sanctification must be wholly
 consecrated to God. (2), That he must pray in faith. (3), That he must
 pray according to God's will. (4), That then he may know that he has
 the very thing he asks for. Here is wisdom. Let every seeker act upon
 it. Amen.
 Nor does John leave us in doubt as to the witness of the Spirit to our
 conscious cleansing. "If we love one another" (i.e. with a true and
 pure and unselfish and self-sacrificing Christian love) "God dwelleth
 in us and His love is perfected in us." "Hereby know we that we dwell
 in Him and He in us, because He hath given us of His Spirit." Now to
 have God's love perfected in us, and to have Him to dwell in us, can
 mean nothing less than entire sanctification, and we know this, as John
 tells us, by His Spirit. We have, therefore, the witness of the Spirit
 to perfect love as well as to adoption.
 James and Jude were brothers. They were also "brethren of the Lord."
 Whether this expression means actual brothers, namely, children of
 Joseph and Mary, or whether it means only cousins, also whether these
 two men were apostles or not, are questions which I leave to the
 Biblical critics. Receiving without argument their respective epistles
 as belonging to the inspired canon, I am to inquire what their teaching
 is in reference to the one theme of this book, that is, entire
 James, as a writer, is intensely practical. As Bishop of Jerusalem he
 presided specially over the Jewish Christian Church, and his epistle is
 addressed "to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad," i.e., to
 the Jews of the Dispersion, primarily, no doubt, to the Christian Jews,
 but also secondarily and by way of warning to the unconverted Jews.
 James was "zealous of the law." He fully agreed with Paul and with
 Peter that the yoke of circumcision and the Mosaic law was not to be
 imposed upon the Gentile Churches, but he, no doubt, strongly insisted
 that Jewish converts should be still very careful to observe the
 outward law. His epistle is like Matthew's gospel, and savors strongly
 of the Sermon on the Mount. As a bishop and overseer of a Jewish flock
 of Christians, while he fully assented to Paul's teaching on
 justification by faith, he, nevertheless, urged upon the people with
 vehemence that they should show their faith by their works and that
 they should be "doers of the word and not hearers only." As Paul
 completely demolishes the doctrine of salvation by the works of the
 law, so James in his epistle offers us an inspired and a vigorous
 protest against every form of Antinomianism. Thus the two writers, both
 moved by the Holy Ghost, present the two aspects of gospel truth so
 plainly that he may run that readeth. "We are saved by faith, not by
 works," says Paul. "Aye," says James, "but we are saved in good works,
 not out of them," and we must be careful to maintain good works, not in
 order to be saved, but because we are saved. Good works are necessary,
 not as the ground or the cause of salvation, but as the fruit and
 resultant and test of the salvation which we have received by faith.
 James, therefore, is not antagonistic to, but only complementary of the
 great apostle of the Gentiles.
 And mark how he strikes or aims right at the mark of Christian
 perfection in the very beginning of his epistle. He assures us that if
 we let patience have her perfect work, we shall be perfect and entire,
 wanting nothing.
 Christian perfection, then, according to James. is perfect patience.
 Christian perfection according to John, is perfect love. Christian
 perfection, according to Paul, is maturity or being "thoroughly
 furnished unto all good works." Christian perfection, according to
 Peter, is in being established, strengthened, settled. Surely none but
 a caviller will find any want of harmony between these different modes
 of expression. They all imply deliverance from sin, which is always
 instantaneous, and some of them imply a mature Christian character,
 which is always gradual.
 James gives a vivid description of inbred sin under the name of lust.
 "Every man is tempted when he is drawn away of his own lust and
 enticed. Then when lust hath conceived it bringeth forth (actual) sin;
 and sin when it is finished bringeth forth death."
 We cannot doubt that James, like the other writers of the Bible,
 believed in a personal devil, for he speaks of a wisdom which is
 "devilish" and if a man is enticed to sin by the natural depravity of
 his heart, we must not overlook the fact that the enticement implies an
 enticer, and that the wicked spiritual adversary of our race knows how
 to adapt his baits to the peculiar form in which inbred sin is
 strongest in each individual, and thus, if possible, to entrap and
 destroy him. Depravity exists by nature in all, but in one man it is
 particularly felt in the direction of covetousness, in another, of
 pride, in another, of ambition, in another, of sensuality. Satan's
 temptations in the first of these would most likely be something which
 holds out the prospect of getting gain by sinning; in the second, it
 would be something to feed his intense admiration of self, to cherish
 his pride; in the third, it would be the hope of political or some
 other kind of power on the condition of sacrificing principle; in the
 fourth, it would be the gratification of bodily appetites as in
 drunkenness, gluttony, or licentiousness. Thus the trap is set for
 every man, and the trapper is wary. God save us from his wiles.
 And as Peter tells us to lay aside inbred sin, as it exists in the form
 of malice, and guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and shows itself in
 evil speakings, so James tells us to lay apart "all filthiness and
 superfluity of naughtiness," or "overflowing of wickedness." Ah,
 beloved, most truly did Jesus say that the heart of man is a fountain
 of wickedness, out of the heart of man proceed evil thoughts and all
 actual sins; yes, there is by nature in each one of us a superfluity of
 naughtiness, an overflowing of wickedness, a natural depravity, an
 inbred sin, and this must be "laid apart," it must be gotten rid of by
 bringing and subjecting the heart where it dwells to the fiery baptism
 with the Holy Ghost, and then shall we be in a position to receive,
 with meekness, the engrafted word, which is able to save our souls.
 St. James speaks of the "law of liberty," and of the "royal law," the
 latter being, "Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself," and both mean,
 I apprehend, just what we have already alluded to as the law of love.
 "Love," says Paul, "is the fulfilling of the law," and this is liberty,
 and this is royalty, the freedom to do God's will because we love it,
 and to have all the antagonisms to that blessed will expelled from our
 hearts, and all lawful affections and passions subdued and subjected to
 Him who is our King, and who reigns without a rival in our hearts.
 "I worship Thee, sweet will of God,
 And all Thy ways adore;
 And every day I live, I seem
 To love Thee more and more."
 If this is not the true liberty and the true royalty, where shall we find
 them? Not on earth, at least.
 James does not spend words in exhorting us to seek more religion, but
 he tersely defines pure religion. And that is what we want. It does not
 depend upon age, nor size, nor growth. A stalk of corn may be pure as
 soon as it raises itself above the surface of the ground. Another stalk
 may be impure and diseased when it is many feet in height. A Christian
 may seek and find pure religion and undefiled, very soon after he is
 born again. Another Christian may spend years and years in seeking more
 religion, and yet not become the possessor of purity of heart.
 This pure religion, according to our author, consists in works of
 beneficence and love as to its outward manifestations, but its true
 inward principle is in keeping one's self "unspotted from the world."
 Oh, that all my readers with myself, may thus keep themselves unspotted
 from the world, which involves the idea of being sanctified wholly, and
 in the end "may be found of Him in peace without spot and blameless."
 But an objector here interposes with a quotation from James which is
 supposed to preclude the possibility of living without sin. "In many
 things we offend all." But this expression is not to be thus
 interpreted. To make it mean that all Christians must continue in the
 commission of sin to the end of their lives, would not only be doing
 violence to that which is the very trend of our author's teaching,
 namely, a spotless morality and a pure and holy life, but it would also
 prove too much. For a little further on we read, in reference to that
 unruly evil, the tongue, "Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and
 therewith curse we men which are made after the similitude of God,"
 and again, "Behold, we put bits in the horses' mouths that they may
 obey us, and we turn about their whole body." Surely no expositor would
 maintain from such language that James was a tamer of horses and a
 profane swearer. The truth is, that James, out of kindness and
 courtesy, includes himself among his hearers or readers, and means to
 show us how liable we are to give offence through rash and ill-advised
 words, and then, on the other hand, he does not fail to mention the man
 who does not offend in word, and who is able, by the grace of God, to
 bridle the whole body, that is, to live without sin, and whom, again,
 he styles a "perfect man."
 Our author further informs us that heavenly, divine wisdom is first
 pure, then peaceable. The carnal Christian, or babe in Christ, would
 often reverse this arrangement. He is clamorous for peace, often to the
 extent that he would have a wisdom that is first peaceable and then
 pure, but the Holy Ghost puts purity first, and He is always right. No
 compromise must be made with error in doctrine, or evil in practice,
 even for the sake of peace. But when we become possessors of a wisdom
 which is first pure, then, also, the other qualities follow in proper
 succession, peaceable, gentle, easy to be entreated and the rest.
 Listen, again, to the stern moralist and preacher of holiness, "Cleanse
 your hands, ye sinners, and purify your hearts, ye double minded." Here,
 again, we can but thankfully admire the perfect accuracy of the Holy
 Ghost, as regards the method of full salvation. To cleanse the hands is
 to obtain pardon and absolution for what we have done, and it is always
 the first work of the unsaved man to repent and seek the forgiveness of
 his sins. When this forgiveness has been obtained, then his hands are
 cleansed, but he may still be double-minded. He may still be unstable
 in all his ways. His spiritual course may still be zig-zag. His life
 may still be a series of sinning and repenting, and sinning again and
 repenting again, till he cries out in his misery, "O wretched man that
 I am, who (not what) shall deliver me from this body of death?" And
 then James's prescription comes home to him, "Purify your hearts, ye
 double-minded." Seek and obtain the blessing of entire sanctification,
 and, henceforth, with one mind and one purpose, run joyfully in the way
 of Christ's commandments. Justification first and entire sanctification
 afterwards. First cleanse your hands, then purify your hearts. And with
 this agree the words of the Psalmist, "Who shall ascend into the hill
 of the Lord? or who shall stand in His holy place?" "He that hath clean
 hands," that is, whose sins have been pardoned, "and a pure heart,"
 that is, who has been sanctified wholly. The teachings of the Holy
 Ghost are marvelously harmonious in the Old Testament and the New.
 Finally, James assures us that the "prayer of faith shall save the
 sick, and the Lord shall raise him up." And not only physical but
 spiritual blessing may be received in the same way for "If he have
 committed sins, they shall be forgiven him." His conclusion is that
 "The supplication of a righteous man availeth much in its working,"
 R.V., but I prefer to regard the Greek participle in the original as in
 the passive voice, and then the meaning would be, as suggested by Dr.
 S.A. Keen in his Faith papers, "The prayer of a righteous man being
 energized" (by the Holy Ghost) "availeth much."
 I should understand the "prayer of faith," therefore, to be a prayer
 begotten in the heart of the believer by the Holy Ghost, and with the
 prayer is communicated also the corresponding faith, and when this is
 the case, the answer is sure. Faith, in this use of the word, is a
 special gift, and may be given to some and withheld from others, also
 given at one time and withheld at another, just as God in His infinite
 and unerring wisdom may decide. This kind of faith is one of the
 special gifts of which we have an account in the 12th of 1st
 Corinthians, and differs, therefore, from the grace of faith or the
 power of believing the gospel unto salvation when it is presented,
 which is given to all men, and for the exercise of which, by actually
 believing, all are held responsible. "He that believeth shall be saved,
 and he that believeth not shall be condemned."
 And it is Jude, the brother of James, who exhorts his readers to pray
 in the Holy Ghost, the very same kind of praying which James calls the
 prayer of faith, and about which Paul also declares that "the Spirit
 Himself also helpeth our infirmities, for we know not what we should
 pray for as we ought; but the Spirit Himself maketh intercession for
 with groanings which cannot be uttered. And He that searcheth the
 hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because He maketh
 intercession for the saints according to the will of God."
 A Holy Ghost prayer, therefore, such as Jude alludes to, is a prayer
 that is energized by the Holy Ghost. It is not the Holy Ghost who does
 the groaning, but He causes the heart of the consecrated believer to
 groan, by kindling those intense desires after some specific blessing,
 which often are, indeed, too deep for clear expression by utterance,
 and with the groanings, also, the faith is given, which takes hold of
 God's Almightiness for the answer. Such prayers do, indeed, move the
 hand that moves the world, and whether it be for the healing of the
 sick, or the conversion of sinners, or the entire sanctification of
 believers, or the supply of temporal needs, or anything else which the
 Holy Spirit may suggest, the blessing is sure to come.
 I am not forgetting that the assistance of the Holy Spirit is needed,
 and that it is obtainable in all true prayer, but ordinary prayer must
 be founded upon the promises of God and an exercise of will power to
 believe those promises, and therefore, it must be accompanied, in order
 to be effectual, by ordinary faith, the act of believing. Extraordinary
 prayer must be inspired directly by the Holy Spirit, and the gift of
 faith must come directly from Him. So that we have ordinary prayer,
 ordinary faith and ordinary results in the one case, while in the
 other, we have extraordinary prayer, extraordinary faith and
 extraordinary results. Praise the Lord.
 Jude tells us that as Christian believers we are to "hate even the
 garment spotted by the flesh," that is, to keep entirely clear of all
 the pollutions of sin, symbolized by the garment of the leper which was
 regarded as unclean, and which passage, when spiritually interpreted,
 must mean the unspotted holiness of the true Christian. And as to the
 question of one's ability to live without sin, he commits us to the
 care of Him who is "able to keep us from falling," the very thing we
 need and which we cannot do for ourselves, and "to present us faultless
 before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy." First, then, we
 are to be sanctified wholly, then kept from falling by the power of
 Christ through the indwelling Spirit. Finally, presented without spot,
 blameless and faultless in the presence of God's glory in heaven. And
 this is the gospel according to Jude.
 There is one expression in the epistle of Jude, which I purposely
 omitted in the preceding chapter, that it might have a more prominent
 place in the present one.
 Nowhere else in the Bible are we expressly declared to be "sanctified
 by God the Father." It is cause of rejoicing, however, that every
 person of the Godhead, every member of the adorable Trinity, is
 concerned in the sanctification of a human soul. And this fact, like
 many others, points to the extreme importance of the subject on which
 we are treating; for if the working of God the Father, God the Son and
 God the Holy Spirit is required, and is brought into active operation
 in order to cleanse our hearts from the pollution of sin, and fit us
 for heaven, then it must be in the estimation of the triune God, a
 matter of prime necessity that we should be thus cleansed. If God,
 therefore, regards it as an essential that we be sanctified wholly, let
 us beware of the thought that it is only optional, that it is possible,
 if possible at all, only for the few and not for the many, and that it
 can be done without, or what is practically too nearly the same thing,
 postponed until we see, or think we see, the near approach of death.
 What every person of the Godhead is urging upon our acceptance now,
 let us not dare either to reject or postpone. "Behold, now is the
 accepted time; behold, now is the day of salvation."
 Paul said to the Ephesian elders at Miletus, "And now, brethren, I
 commend you to God, and to the word of His grace, which is able to
 build you up and to give you an inheritance among all them which are
 Ah, beloved reader, we can never estimate the debt we owe to the
 unbounded grace of God. Grace means unmerited favor. Grace is God's
 infinite love in active working for the salvation of man. And, the
 source of our sanctification, just as of our justification, and indeed
 of every gospel blessing provided for us, is the grace of God. And when
 our souls are stirred up to ecstatic gratitude and love, by the thought
 of the "unspeakable gift" of the Lord Jesus Christ, and of the
 unspeakable blessings derived from and through Him, let us not forget
 that behind it all and over it all, is the broad and incomprehensible
 declaration, "God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten
 Absolute sovereignty, authority, supremacy and paternity belong to God
 the Father. The Father sends the Son. The Father and the Son send the
 Holy Spirit. Neither the Son nor the Spirit, nor both together, ever
 send the Father. The Father "created all things by Jesus Christ." Jesus
 Christ cast out devils "by the Spirit of God." The Son reveals the
 Father, for "no man knoweth the Father save the Son, and he to
 whomsoever the Son will reveal Him." And the Holy Spirit reveals Jesus,
 for "no man can say that Jesus is Lord but by the Holy Ghost." "He
 shall testify of Me." "He shall take of Mine and show it unto you." "He
 shall not speak of Himself; but what He shall hear" (from the Father
 and the Son) "that shall He speak."
 Thus the greatest gift that God the Father has given or could give to
 His creature man is the gift of His Son. The greatest gift that God the
 Son has given to man after He gave Himself for us is the gift of the
 Holy Ghost, for it is not only said, "I will pray the Father and He
 shall give you another Comforter," and "whom the Father will send in My
 name," but also, "If I depart I will send Him unto you," so we may say
 in general terms, that the Holy Ghost as a personal sanctifier,
 energizer and Comforter, is the promise of the Father and the gift of
 the Son. And it may be added that the greatest gift of the Holy Spirit
 to man is the gift of entire sanctification or perfect love. Glory be
 to God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Ghost. Amen.
 And thus when Jude tells us that we are sanctified by God the Father,
 He means not only that we are separated unto the gospel of life and
 salvation, set apart to God and His service, but, also, that God the
 Father has made ample provision in the death of His Son for all
 Christian believers to be cleansed from every stain of moral
 defilement, delivered from inbred sin, sanctified wholly, made perfect
 in love, and filled with the Spirit. We repeat, therefore, that it will
 be a matter of eternal thankfulness and gratitude to the redeemed soul,
 that the source of all these unspeakable blessings is in the infinite
 grace and love of God.
 Everywhere throughout the Old Testament, the holiness of God is brought
 prominently forward and insisted upon. And His own holiness is
 presented as a sufficient reason why His people should be holy also.
 "Be ye holy, for I am holy," which command and declaration are repeated
 and endorsed by the Apostle Peter in his first epistle, "But as He
 which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of
 conversation, because it is written, Be ye holy, for I am holy."
 As God the Father, therefore, is Himself infinitely holy, and He
 requires all His children to be holy even in the present life, it goes
 without saying, as already shown, that He makes provision in His gospel
 for them to be made and kept holy. And it is precisely the standard of
 God's holiness which is set before us by the Saviour as the mark at
 which we also are to aim, and aim not vainly nor unsuccessfully. "Be ye
 perfect even as your Father in heaven is perfect." Not that our
 perfection or our holiness can be equal to His in degree. That would
 make the finite equal to the infinite, and would be an impossibility
 and absurdity, but that we are to be perfect in our sphere as He is
 perfect in His, that we are to be holy with the same kind of holiness
 that appertains to Him, in a word, that we are to be perfect in love as
 He is perfect love, and that we are to be delivered from all sin, not
 by any effort or any merit of our own but by His unmerited grace in
 Christ Jesus. Let us rejoice and praise His name that we are sanctified
 by God the Father.
 As the source of our entire sanctification is in the unmerited love and
 grace of God the Father, so the ground of it is in the blood of Christ
 the Son. Justification and Sanctification are by no means identical,
 but as regards the origin, the ground, and the means, they are
 precisely parallel. We are told that justification is by grace, and,
 again, that it is by the blood of Jesus, and, still again, that it is
 by faith. It is, therefore, God's grace, it is Christ's blood, it is
 man's faith by which we are justified. The originating cause of our
 justification is the grace of God. The procuring cause is the blood of
 Jesus Christ. The instrumental cause is our own faith.
 And all this is equally true of our entire sanctification. We are not
 justified in one way and sanctified in another. We are sanctified as
 well as justified by the grace of God. We are sanctified as well as
 justified by the blood of Christ. We are sanctified as well as
 justified by our own faith.
 All gospel blessings are founded upon the vicarious sacrifice of the
 Lord Jesus Christ. He "of God is made unto us wisdom and righteousness,
 (justification) and sanctification and redemption."
 And sanctification, no more than justification, releases us from our
 dependence upon the atonement. If we are either justified or sanctified
 today it is not because we deserve it, but because Christ died for us.
 If we shall be either justified or sanctified at any future period of
 our eternity, it will not be because we deserve it but because Christ
 died for us. And so forever and forever we shall need the merit of His
 death, and we shall rejoice to join in the song of redemption "unto Him
 that loved us, and washed us from our sins in His own blood, and hath
 made us kings and priests unto God and His Father; to Him be glory and
 dominion forever and ever. Amen." We are everlastingly linked to the
 atonement of Jesus Christ, and this both for the pardon of past sins,
 and the entire cleansing of the heart.
 "Thou shalt call His name Jesus because He shall save His people from
 their sins," which signifies, I apprehend, both the forgiveness of
 sins already committed and saving them from the commission of sins in
 the future. Here, then, we have justification and regeneration. "Behold
 the Lamb of God who taketh away the sin of the world." This must mean
 the sin of our nature, the sin that dwelleth in us, the sin that doth
 so easily beset us, in a word, inbred sin. And to have the inbred sin
 taken away means nothing more and nothing less and nothing else, than
 entire sanctification. Yes, beloved, we are sanctified by God the Son.
 "The blood of Jesus Christ, His Son, cleanseth us from all sin." Here
 we have a positive statement that upon certain conditions to be
 fulfilled by us, we shall experience a cleansing from outward sin, and
 inward sin, and sin of ignorance, and conscious sin, and open sin and
 secret sin, and all sin. There is no mistaking the length and breadth
 and all comprehensiveness of this glorious promise. Beloved, let us
 walk in the light as He is in the light, and so know, for ourselves,
 that this wondrous declaration is divinely true.
 And this is a result of His atoning sacrifice, which result He had in
 view, no less than the removal of our guilt when He laid down His life
 for us. "Wherefore, Jesus, also, that He might sanctify the people with
 His own blood, suffered without the gate." Glory to His Name.
 He died, therefore, not alone that we might be saved from guilt and
 condemnation and penalty, but that we might be saved from sin, or
 sanctified wholly. And I would that every one of my Christian readers
 might unite in the hymn.
 "The cleansing stream I see, I see,
 I plunge and oh, it cleanseth me.
 It cleanseth me. Yes, cleanseth me."
 As already intimated all the persons of the adorable Trinity are
 concerned in the work of entirely sanctifying a human soul. And this is
 naturally to be expected, because God is one Trinitarianism is not
 Tritheism. In essence one, in personality three, such is the revelation
 of Holy Scripture in regard to the eternal Godhead. The Bible reveals
 the fact, but does not reveal the how. We bow in adoring gratitude and
 love before an incomprehensible mystery, and rejoice in believing even
 without understanding.
 Now the Holy Spirit is regarded by nearly all Christians as
 distinctively and specially the Sanctifier, "The renewing of the Holy
 Ghost which He shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ, our
 Saviour," is spoken of in the epistle to Titus in direct connection
 with the "washing of regeneration," and seems intended to be
 experienced just after it. Possibly the renewing here spoken of, may
 signify only the change of heart wrought by the Holy Ghost at the new
 birth, but possibly, also, the apostle had in mind the entire cleansing
 of the heart from sin. And in that case the renewing need not be any
 more gradual or progressive than the washing, which all admit to be
 Peter, in describing, to the Church at Jerusalem, the occurrences which
 he had witnessed at the house of Cornelius in Cesarea, used this
 language: "And God which knoweth the hearts, bare them witness, giving
 them the Holy Ghost, even as He did unto us, and put no difference
 between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith." Evidently here
 the chief of the apostles gives us to understand that the giving of
 the Holy Ghost, and the purifying of the heart by faith, are
 co-instantaneous and identical experiences. And if this be so, the Holy
 Ghost, who is a Divine person, and not a mere influence, must be the
 effective agent in purifying the heart, that is to say, it is He who by
 His Divine energy sanctifies us wholly.
 And with this agree the words of John the Baptist: "I indeed baptize
 you with water, unto repentance, but He that cometh after me is
 mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear. He shall baptize
 you with the Holy Ghost and with fire." For what purpose is this fiery
 baptism with the Holy Ghost? Most certainly that it may consume the
 inbred sin of our nature, as fire consumes the chaff, or destroys the
 alloy that the gold may be left pure.
 Paul in his epistle to the Romans uses the following language, viz:
 "That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles,
 ministering the gospel of God that the offering up of the Gentiles
 might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost." This great
 apostle was the first to clearly understand the perfect equality
 between Jew and Gentile in the gospel of salvation, and as he made
 hundreds of Gentile converts in His extensive missionary journeys, and
 offered them up with their own consent and co-operation in entire
 consecration to God, they were sanctified by the Holy Ghost.
 The same apostle says to the Thessalonians, "We are bound to give
 thanks always to God for you, brethren, beloved of the Lord, because
 God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through
 sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth." This is the true
 election and the true salvation, a salvation from sin, through
 sanctification of the Spirit and this is to be obtained by faith.
 And the apostle of the circumcision uses language very similar in
 addressing the Jewish Christians who are scattered abroad, and whom he
 addresses as "Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father,
 through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of
 the blood of Jesus Christ." Comparing these two citations we observe
 again, that the blood of Jesus Christ is the ground of our
 sanctification, and by a continuous sprinkling we may have a
 continuous cleansing, and also that the Holy Spirit is the effective
 agent in applying that precious blood, and in sanctifying our souls, on
 condition that we believe the truth. God help all Christians to be not
 faithless, but believing.
 We have just seen that the Spirit operates in the work of
 sanctification in connection with belief of the truth on our part. And
 with this agree the words of our Lord in His intercessory prayer.
 "Sanctify them through Thy truth. Thy word is truth." The word here is
 not the eternal Logos, but God's revealed truth as given in Holy writ.
 And it is a statement of the highest importance, made by Him who is the
 truth, that the medium or means of our sanctification is in the truth
 of God as made known to us in the gospel of His Son. Here, again, the
 Apostle Peter gives expression to the same sentiment when he says:
 "Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises; that
 by these ye might be partakers of the Divine nature having escaped the
 corruption that is in the world through lust." If we are favored to
 escape the corruption that is in the world, we are sanctified wholly,
 and this is effected, Peter says, not by works of righteousness, not by
 resolutions or penances, not by striving to do holiness, before we seek
 to be holy, but by faith in the promises of God. These promises are
 very numerous, and varied in character on the pages of the Bible. By
 seizing upon them as written specially for us, we make them our own,
 and they become in and by Jesus Christ yea and amen, that is to say, we
 realize them in our own experience to be the truth, and thus when we
 read "This is the will of God even your sanctification," or, "The very
 God of peace sanctify you wholly," or, "I will circumcise your heart,"
 or "I will put my Spirit within you and cause you to walk in my
 statutes," immediately the truth is impressed upon our hearts as a
 glorious reality, and we are enabled to reckon ourselves dead, indeed,
 unto sin, and alive unto God, and to realize that the Saviour's prayer
 is answered and we are in His own blessed words, sanctified "by the
 truth." If any reader will take a concordance and look for the word
 truth, and search out the passages containing it, he will be convinced
 that, however men may look at it, we have to do with the Lord God of
 truth, and that His estimate of truth is so high that He will by no
 means countenance any person or anything that liveth or maketh a lie.
 And if we would honor Him, we must honor His truth, the truth that is
 to make us free from the bondage of inbred sin, the truth which we are
 commanded to buy, whatever may be the price, and sell it not, the truth
 which the Lord desires in the inward parts as well as upon the lips,
 the truth of God, the truth of holiness, the truth by which we are
 sanctified, the truth of the word.
 And then we shall find in our own experience that "A God of truth and
 without iniquity, just and right is He," that He will send out His
 light and His truth that they may bring us to His holy hill and to His
 tabernacle, that He has given us a banner, even the banner of holiness
 to the Lord, to be displayed because of the truth, and we must never
 let it trail in the dust, that His truth shall be our shield and
 buckler, and that while the law was given by Moses, grace and truth
 came by Jesus Christ.
 Glory be to His precious name forever, who is the truth.
 The faith-faculty was given to man at His first creation. Adam believed
 God and was obedient and happy, and the first thing that the wily
 tempter attacked, and, alas, with too much success, was man's faith.
 "Yea," hath God said, and "Ye shall not surely die." First, a question.
 Then, a doubt of God's truth; then, a doubt of His love, and the rest
 was easy. Man stood so long as he did stand by faith. He fell when he
 did fall by unbelief.
 God could not be God if He did not have faith in Himself. Man could not
 be the child of God if he did not have faith in God. Faith binds us in
 the closest spiritual union with our Father in heaven. Unbelief severs
 this bond of union and separates us from our Creator and Redeemer.
 Beloved, let us have faith in God.
 "Ye are all the children of God by faith in Jesus Christ." This is the
 Christian's pedigree. It is true that in a broad and subordinate sense
 all men are the children of God since He created them all. And this was
 known even to a Greek poet, as quoted by Paul at Athens, "For we are
 also His offspring." But we must not fail to remember that in John's
 gospel we have this statement, viz: "As many as received Him, to them
 gave He power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on
 His name." So that it is through faith that we become the children of
 God, not only by creation, not only by adoption, but by birth, "Ye must
 be born again." "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be
 saved." "He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he
 that believeth not the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God
 abideth on him." Now, the faith-faculty, or the grace of faith, or the
 power of believing God's truth, when it is presented, is given to all
 mankind. But the exercise of that power which is actual and saving
 faith, often requires the coöperation of the human will. And,
 therefore, God commands us to believe, and holds us responsible for
 obedience to that command. "He that believeth and is baptized shall be
 saved; but he that disbelieveth shall be condemned." R.V.
 Thus, it is that we are saved by faith. And this is true not only in
 religion, but in science as well, and not in science only, but in daily
 life and daily business as well. Many of the well-established truths
 of science are matters of faith, and not of demonstration. All
 intelligent people believe that there is a hidden force which they
 call the attraction of gravitation. Nobody can tell what it is, nobody
 can prove its existence. It is received and adopted by faith, and
 serves as an excellent working hypothesis. That is all. Those who
 accept the undulatory theory of light are necessitated to believe that
 all space is pervaded by an exceedingly tenuous fluid which is called
 ether, and that it is in this medium that the waves of light from self-
 luminous bodies are produced. Nobody has demonstrated the existence of
 this ether. It is, for the present, accepted by faith, and explains the
 phenomena of light better than any other hypothesis propounded. Science
 is saved by faith. The home is saved by faith. If want of confidence
 comes between the husband and wife, or between parents and children,
 farewell to all the enjoyment of home life.
 Finance, commerce, trade are all saved by faith. When business men,
 manufacturers or merchants lose faith in one another, or in their
 government, investments cease, machinery stops, panics occur, and hard
 times are complained of. As faith is the bond that binds men to God, so
 it is the bond that binds men one to another. When confidence is lost,
 all is lost. Even a solvent bank may be broken, from a sudden run upon
 it, caused by want of faith. Now, as faith is the substance of things
 hoped for, because it makes them real, as it is the evidence of things
 not seen, because it convinces the mind of the actual existence of the
 invisible, let us apply this thought to the matter in hand that,
 namely, of entire sanctification.
 Paul in his valedictory to the Ephesian elders said to them, "And now,
 brethren, I commend you to God and to the word of His grace, which is
 able to build you up and give you an inheritance among all them which
 are sanctified," and in the commission to Paul himself the Saviour
 says, "To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and
 from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of
 sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is
 in me." And as mentioned elsewhere, sanctification of the Spirit is
 used by the apostle in direct connection with belief of the truth.
 There can be no doubt, therefore, that the instrumental means of entire
 sanctification is faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. "This is the
 confidence," says the beloved John, "that we have in Him, that if we
 ask anything according to His will, He heareth us, and if we know that
 He hear us whatsoever we ask, we know that we have the petitions that
 we desired of Him."
 Let the consecrated believer, then, ask for a clean heart, ask for
 perfect love, ask for entire sanctification, ask for the baptism with
 the Holy Ghost, and he knows he is asking according to the will of God.
 Then, according to John, he knows that he is heard, and knows also by
 faith, because it is God's promise that he has the petitions he desired
 of Him. That is to say, when he thus prays, he is to put forth the act
 of faith, by an actual volition and will to believe that he has the
 clean heart, the perfect love, the entire sanctification, the Holy
 Ghost baptism, which he asked for. And this will be honoring God by
 taking Him at His word. It will be the first evidence that he is
 sanctified wholly, the evidence of faith, and the other evidence, the
 witness of the Spirit may be prayed for and waited for, but, in the
 meantime, he can and must rely with unwavering confidence upon the
 evidence or witness of faith alone. God never sends the witness of the
 Spirit till we honor Him by accepting the witness of faith.
 I said we must believe by an act of the will. And some reader may
 object to this statement by asserting that faith or belief is not a
 matter of volition, but a matter of evidence. But I am not asking any
 one to believe without evidence. I am asking him simply to give its
 rightful force to the evidence. It is not for want of evidence that any
 earnest, consecrated seeker is failing to believe that Christ is able
 and willing to sanctify him wholly, and to do it now. He asserts it in
 many forms and repeats it again and again as His Divine will that His
 people should be holy, and if He is not able to make them holy here and
 now, His omnipotence is impugned, and if He is not willing to make them
 holy here and now, He must desire them to continue longer in sin, which
 thought would impugn His own holiness.
 No, it is not for want of evidence, but because the faith-faculty has
 become weakened and paralyzed by sin, and now we must determine to
 believe, by putting our will on to the side of faith, and allowing it,
 no longer, to remain on the side of unbelief. Many a seeking soul has
 come out into the fullness of salvation by singing the hymn:
 "I can, I will, I do believe
 That Jesus saves me now."
 The man who came to Jesus with his right hand withered, was told to
 stretch it forth. He might have said where is my evidence that it will
 do any good to try? But he put his will into the obedient attitude. He
 willed to stretch it forth, and made the effort, and with the obedient
 will the power came from Jesus, and he stretched it forth and was
 restored. To every one of weak and paralyzed faith, I say, nay, Jesus
 says, "Stretch forth thy hand of faith, I am here to be responsible
 for the result." Believe and receive and confess and rejoice. Beloved,
 we are sanctified by faith. Glory to the Lamb.
 I trust it has been sufficiently demonstrated that the doctrine and
 experience of entire sanctification are fully and clearly taught in
 Holy Scripture. All the way from the patriarchs to the apostles in the
 law, in the types, in the Psalms, in the prophets, in the history, in
 the gospels, in the epistles, we find that God requires His people to
 be holy and to be holy now, that He makes it, therefore, their
 privilege to be holy, and that He has made ample provision, in the
 sacrificial offering of Christ, for them to be made holy.
 "For their sakes," says the blessed Saviour, "I sanctify Myself that
 they also might be sanctified through the truth," or as the margin,
 "truly sanctified," or as the Revised Version, "that they themselves
 also may be sanctified in truth." The Lord Jesus Christ most assuredly
 did not need to be made holy, but all His redeemed children being
 subjects of inbred sin do need it. As for Him, He was the "holy thing"
 that was to be born of the Virgin Mary. "He knew no sin," He "did no
 sin," He was "holy, harmless, undefiled and separate from sinners,"
 and, therefore, when He says "I sanctify Myself," He means nothing more
 nor less than I consecrate Myself, or I set Myself apart, but in the
 other clause where the term sanctify is used in reference to His
 people, it must mean that they may be cleansed from all sin entirely
 sanctified, made holy or pure in heart. He sets Himself apart,
 therefore, to the work of redemption and salvation that He may have a
 holy people on earth, as without controversy He must and will have a
 holy people in heaven.
 We have shown that entire sanctification is coetaneous with the baptism
 with the Holy Ghost, in fact, that the two experiences are in an
 important sense identical, or, at least, so related to each other that
 whoever has one has the other. It is Christ and none other who baptizes
 with the Holy. Ghost. "He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and
 fire," not as some imagine, I think erroneously, that there are to be
 two baptisms, first that of the Holy Ghost, and afterwards that of fire
 in the way of affliction or persecution, though plenty of these are
 promised and experienced by those who would live godly in Christ
 Jesus, but simply that He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost under
 the similitude of fire, that is, that dross and tin and reprobate
 silver, or, in a word, all inbred sin may be consumed.
 Nor is it correct to say that there are "many baptisms" of the Spirit.
 The Holy Ghost baptism is received by the consecrated believer once
 for all, and is never repeated unless by unfaithfulness or backsliding
 he falls from the precious grace which this baptism confers upon him,
 from Christ through the Spirit, and again comes in repentance and
 confession to do his first works, and again to be filled with the
 Spirit and cleansed from all sin. And even in that case the Holy Ghost
 seldom or never repeats Himself, by giving the same emotional
 experience as at first, but may and must be received and retained by
 faith, and the amount of feeling and the kind of feeling which He will
 arouse must be left to Himself entirely, I mean to say that the
 experience may be lost and may be regained, but seldom with the same
 phenomena of consciousness as at the first. Do not speak, then, of
 having had many baptisms of the Spirit, but seek and find the one
 baptism with the Holy Ghost and fire. Do not say that you are desiring
 or that you have had a fresh baptism with the Holy Ghost, but let your
 thoughts and prayers be directed to the one baptism which cleanseth
 and endueth and anointeth.
 But I would not be misunderstood on this point. The Psalmist says, "I
 shall be anointed with fresh oil," and to every sanctified child of
 God, there may and do come seasons of refreshing, also of girding and
 filling, and fresh anointing for particular services, which are
 sometimes called fresh baptisms, but which are not to be confounded
 with the one true abiding Pentecostal experience. These blessings are
 not to be undervalued or lightly esteemed, but they come because we
 already have the Blesser Himself as a personal indwelling Presence and
 Many teachers of holiness inculcate the doctrine that we are first
 sanctified by the blood of Jesus, and afterwards filled or baptized
 with the Holy Ghost. This opinion would necessitate three separate
 experiences, where, I think, the Scripture only speaks of two. We
 should have (1) pardon, (2) entire sanctification by the blood, and (3)
 the filling of the Spirit. There would thus be a separation between the
 removing of inbred sin from the heart, and the baptism with the Holy
 Ghost. This baptism would, then, be only a qualification for service.
 It is regarded by these teachers, as only given for an enduement of
 power, to do the work to which we are called. And the practical result
 of this error, for such with due deference I must regard it, is that
 some will be very anxious to obtain the baptism with the Holy Ghost to
 make them strong or powerful in their work, but will ignore, or even
 deny, the doctrine of entire sanctification. Dr. S. A. Keen tells us of
 a minister who wrote to him that he did not take much stock in
 sanctification, but that he was very desirous of the Holy Ghost
 baptism, in order that he might have increased power in the ministry of
 the word. And, indeed, this seems to be a very prevalent idea, that we
 are to be baptized for service, but not for cleansing.
 I trust that no reader who has followed me through the different
 chapters of this book will imagine, for a moment, that I under-value,
 in the slightest degree, the precious blood of Christ, nor do I forget
 that it is that blood which, as we walk in the light, cleanseth us from
 all sin. I think I have sufficiently stated elsewhere that the blood of
 Jesus is the procuring cause of our sanctification, as well as of our
 justification, and that we are forever dependent upon the atonement
 for the one blessing as well as the other. The blood of the Son of God
 is the ground of our sanctification, but it is the Holy Spirit who is
 the effective agent in destroying the depravity of our hearts.
 It is true that our Saviour received the Holy Ghost, and that God
 anointed Him for the great work of redemption. And in His case, the
 word used is anointed or descended, and not in any place baptized. He
 needed not the work of entire sanctification, and, therefore, He is not
 said to have been baptized with the Holy Ghost. As a man, He did need
 the energizing for His work, and, therefore, He is said to have been
 anointed. Beloved, let us not separate what God has joined together.
 The entire sanctification of the heart and the Holy Ghost baptism are
 coetaneous experiences, and must not be divorced.
 And now, beloved reader, I have accomplished my task. I have shown that
 like a golden thread the doctrine of entire sanctification runs through
 the Bible, from Genesis to Revelation. It is found in patriarchal
 times, it is in the law and the prophets, the types and the ceremonies,
 the gospels and epistles, everywhere showing us that we have to do with
 a Holy God, and that we as His children are required to be holy men
 and women.
 To all who shall read this book, I testify that by the grace of God,
 and the blood of Christ, and the sin-consuming baptism with the Holy
 Ghost, this poor man, the chief of sinners, is saved to the uttermost.
 Glory to His name.
 And to you, my readers, I bid farewell, and say, May He "make you
 perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you." Amen.





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